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Where Did King Arthur Acquire Excalibur, The Stone Or The Lake?

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King Arthur
Image Credit: The taking of Excalibur by John Duncan.

Excalibur is a legendary sword found in Arthurian legends, and is arguably one of the most renowned swords in history. This sword was wielded by the legendary King Arthur, and magical properties were often ascribed to it. In some versions of the story of King Arthur, Excalibur is regarded to be the same sword as the Sword in the Stone. In most versions, however, these are in fact two separate weapons. The fascination with this sword is visible in modern pop culture, as Excalibur can be found in various films, television series and video games.

Excalibur the Sword, by Howard Pyle. (Public Domain)
Origins of Excalibur

The story of Excalibur may be traced back to Geoffrey of Monmouth’s Historia regum Britanniae (History of the Kings of Britain), which was written around 1136. In this piece of work, Excalibur is known by its Latinised name, Caliburnus or Caliburn. Excalibur is described as “an excellent sword made in the isle of Avallon”. It may be pointed out that in Geoffrey of Monmouth’s work, Excalibur does not possess any magical powers. Instead, the author focuses on Arthur’s prowess as a warrior. Thus, for instance,

“… Arthur, provoked to see the little advantage he had yet gained, and that victory still continued in suspense, drew out his Caliburn, and calling upon the name of the blessed Virgin, rushed forward with great fury into the thickest of the enemy’s ranks; … neither did he give over the fury of his assault until he had, with his Caliburn alone, killed four hundred and seventy men.”

Bronze Excalibur and King Arthur Sculpture, Tintagel Castle, Cornwall, UK.
One or Two Swords of the Legends of Arthur

As was stated, it may be noted that Excalibur is sometimes equated with the Sword in the Stone, for example of this is how the story is dealt with in Sir Thomas Malory’s Le Morte d’Arthur, first published in 1485 .  Other versions of the legend claim that King Arthur obtained this magical sword from another source. In most versions of the story, however, these were two separate weapons. The Sword in the Stone first appears in Robert de Boron’s Merlin, in which Arthur pulls out the sword that was set by the wizard in an anvil (which was changed by later writers into a stone).

‘Then last of all Arthur tried. He took the sword by the hilt and drew it from the stone quite easily’ An island story; a child’s history of England.

In another version, King Arthur is said to have received Excalibur from the Lady of the Lake. The sword was given to Arthur after he broke his sword during a fight with Pellinore, the king of Listenoise, famous for his hunt of the Questing Beast.

Arthur meets the Lady of the Lake and gets the sword Excalibur. Tales of romance, 1906.
The Powers of Excalibur

Whilst Geoffrey of Monmouth’s early description of Excalibur is not of a magical sword, later authors decided to make it so. Excalibur’s best known magical property is the ability of its scabbard to heal wounds. This meant that whenever King Arthur had Excalibur’s scabbard with him, he could not be hurt. In the Arthurian legends, this magical scabbard was stolen by the king’s evil half-sister, Morgan le Fay, who then threw it into a lake.

As a result of this, Arthur lost his invulnerability, and was mortally wounded when he fought against Modred (best-known as Arthur’s illegitimate son by another of his half-sisters, Morgaine) at the Battle of Camlann. Before he dies, Arthur commands one of his knights, Sir Bedivere (or Sir Griflet in some versions), to throw Excalibur back into the lake. In one version, the knight disobeyed his sovereign twice by pretending to cast the sword into the lake, as he was not willing to throw away such a precious weapon. When the knight finally throws Excalibur into the lake, a hand reaches out of the water to receive the sword, and pulls it under.

How Sir Bedivere Cast the Sword Excalibur into the Water . Aubrey Beardsley Illustration from: Sir Thomas Malory, Le Morte d’Arthur. London: Dent, 1894.
Origins of Excalibur

So, where did Arthur acquire the sword Excalibur? Well, the truth is that the story of King Arthur is generally considered as just that, a story, with his actual existence doubtful, so there is no set truth. If you think oldest is best, then the first scribe of the story was Geoffrey of Monmouth in his 12th century version. He wrote of its origins only, ‘Caliburn, [Excalibur] best of swords, which was forged within the Isle of Avallon’ which removes its mystical origin and states clearly where it was made. The first to speak of its origin from a stone is Robert de Boron in his poem Merlin, later in the 12th century, and in both the Vulgate Cycle and Mallory’s version it is made clear the sword in the stone is not Excalibur as it is broken in battle and is replaced by the Excalibur from the lake.

It should be remembered that all of these writers were transcribing stories which originated in the 6th – 8th centuries and had been passed on from oral to written traditions over hundreds of years before the sword and King Arthur were brought together. Although the version by Geoffrey of Monmouth has some basis in historical record, there is also a lot which is not traceable and his account is generally considered more romance than history with the necessary dramatic embellishments.

It seems then, there is no truth readily available. If the real Excalibur did come from the stone, later stories of the magic sword breaking seem incompatible. If the sword from the stone breaking is thought true, the replacement from the lake is needed. Caliburn was forged in Avallon but how it came to Arthur’s hand is not stated. If you want to believe all the legends, the existence of two swords is a requirement.

Related CS Article: Legendary Black Knights: Mysterious Medieval Entities Of Neutrality
Quest for Excalibur

As the magical sword of King Arthur, Excalibur has appeared in a number of modern films, television series and video games. Most of the time, there is a quest in which the protagonist of the film / game has to search for the magical sword. This is an indication that Excalibur still fascinates our imagination, and, like the stories of its wielder, King Arthur, will continue to do so well into the future.

This article (Where did King Arthur Acquire Excalibur, the Stone or the Lake?) was originally created for Ancient Origins and is published here under Creative Commons.

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History

The UFO Documentary You’re Not Supposed To See

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UFO on Area51 Base ground
Photo Credit: https://www.wakingtimes.com/

Buck RogersGuest Writer

The Pentagon recently authorized the release of footage of a Navy pilots close encounter with an unidentified flying object. This was presented along with the implied announcement that the U.S. government has set up a secretive military program to identify and monitor extraterrestrial threats, the Advanced Aviation Threat Identification Program. The program only ran from 2012 to 2017, they say, which is a short five years in the longer timeline of U.S. government investigations into UFO activity, going back to the Roswell incident in 1947.

Rather than fully disclosing the contents of the U/S. government’s knowledge of ET’s and UFO’s, the recent announcements can be seen as psyop to confuse and misdirect the UFO research community away from other important pieces of this timeline. This type of obfuscation offers cover to black budget programs while subtly announcing the presence of a war plan against extraterrestrials.

Clear Footage Of Multiple UFOs
Clear Footage Of Multiple UFOs Recorded & Seen By Dozens Of People In Florida (Video). Click here to read the article.

Absent from the current conversation about UFO’s is the broad body of investigation into alien activity around nuclear missile facilities, and a number of credible reports indicating that UFO’s have been able to disarm ICBM’s and other components of the nuclear arsenal.

This story is told in detail in a documentary film entitled UFO’s and Nukes: the Secret ink Revealed. This story has a much greater significance to our world than the slow drip of information on UFO sightings and a propaganda campaign to hijack the narrative on UFO’s.

UFOs and Nukes: The Secret Link Revealed

About the Author

Buck Rogers is the earth-bound incarnation of that familiar part of our timeless cosmic selves, the rebel within. He is a surfer of ideals and meditates often on the promise of happiness in a world battered by the angry seas of human thoughtlessness.

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Nina Kulagina: A Real Psychokinetic Documented By The U.S. Defense Intelligence Agency

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Nina Kulagina
Photo Credit: Collective Evolution

Introduction: It’s quite odd that “paranormal” abilities are, and have been for decades, studied and confirmed at the highest levels of government or what some would consider at levels beyond the government in black budget Special Access Programs, yet brushed off as conspiracy theories, ridiculed, and remain virtually unacknowledged within mainstream academica. These black budget programs are exempt from standard reporting requirements in the to congress in the United States, as outlined by a 1997 U.S. senate report, and based on my research there are also unacknowledged Special Access Programs that have no oversight at all from the government.

Unfortunately they’ve been studied and used for military and intelligence collection purposes, and have always remained “classified” for “national security” reasons. Developments and discoveries within this black budget world never seem to be brought to light or used for the benefit of humanity. In fact, the United States has a history of government agencies existing in secret for years. The National Security Agency (NSA) was founded in 1952, its existence was hidden until the mid 1960’s. Even more secretive is the National Reconnaissance Office, which was founded in 1960 but remained completely secret for 30 years. Our world today is drenched in secrecy.

From the declassified literature alone, there are many examples documenting people with gifted abilities able to do some extraordinary things. This declassified CIA document and this Air Force teleportation study outlines children with the ability to teleport objects in closed containers from one location to another. The containers were never touched or opened, showing that these children could transport the object through the sealed containers. These experiments were done under double-blind controlled conditions.

Another example documents the paranormal writing” ability of a little girl, and a woman who is able to gather information about a person from simply holding and touching an object that is/was affiliated with the person in question. Then there is the remote viewing program which yielded significant and repeatable results, according to a paper published in the Journal of Scientific Exploration after the program was declassified. Remote viewing is the ability to describe a remote geographical from another location, regardless of distance and time.

This article looks into a woman by the name of Nina Kulagina. I use “real” in the title because the Defence Intelligence Agency report referenced below refers to her as an “outstanding PK (psychokinesis) psychic.”

What Happened: Nina Kulagina was a citizen of the former Soviet Union. She apparently demonstrated psychokinetic influence on physical objects, and caused quite a stir at the time. In 1968 western researchers attending a conference were shown a video of her in action. There are a number of documents one can find within the Central Intelligence Agency’s (CIA) electronic reading room that document her abilities and show a high level of interest in them. According to the Russians, Kulagina had been studied by forty prominent scientists, including two Nobel Laureates.

Studies of the electrical fields around her body as well as the electrical potentials in her brain, and more, were conducted by well-known physiologist Dr. Genady Sergeyev, who was working in a Leningrad military laboratory. Exceptionally strong voltages and other unusual effects were observed.

A declassified Defence Intelligence Agency document (page 35) from the United States, written by John D. Lamothe, Captain, Medical Service Corps, reads as follows:

Sergeyev has conducted several years of intensive lab research on the outstanding PK psychic in Leningrad, Nina Kulagina…Sergeyev heightened biological luminescence radiating from Kulagina’s eyes during the apparent movement of objects by pk. Sergeyev postulates that the “bio-plasma” of the human body must interact with the environment to produce pk. Sergeyev emphasizes when target objects are placed in a vacuum, Kuligina is unable to move them. Barcus in the United States reports some unusual occurrences during psychic photography especially of the eyes.

Reportedly, Kuligina has caused the movement of a wide range of non-magnetic objects: (under strict scientific control) of crystal bowls, clock pendulums, bread, matches, etc.  In one test, a raw egg was placed in a salt solution inside a sealed aquarium six feet away from her. Researchers report she was able to use PK to separate the yolk from the white of the egg. Observations by Western scientists of Mrs. Kulagina’s PK ability has been reported with verification of her authentic ability. These same Western scientists have reported that as of February 1971, they have not been able to visit or observe Mrs. Kulagina. A veil of secrecy has been placed on Sergeyev and Mrs. Kulagina for unknown reasons.

A report from 1975 when Lamothe was a Major reads as follows:

Soviet research with Kulagina…indicates that energy interchanges, or transfer between mechanisms, may be possible between gifted psychics with inanimate objects. There is evidence that Soviet research with these women (Kuligina is not the only one) also involves attempts to influence animate biological systems. In 1972, LaMothe reported that Kulagina had the capability for stopping and starting the beat of an excised, living, frog heart. If true, it supports the contention that Czech and Soviet claims for “beneficial” applications of biological energy transfer might be imposed on humans. Such dramatic effects illustrate some of the dangerous potential of controlled biological energy transfer.

According to researcher Dr. Jeffrey Mishole, who did his doctorate in Parapsychology,

There is a large gradient between the electrical characteristics in the forward part of Mikhailova’s (Kuligina) brain versus the back part of the brain (fifty to one), whereas in the average person the gradient is four to one.  The usual force field around Mikhailova’s body is ten times weaker than the magnetic field of the earth.

During PK, her pulse rises to 240 per minute. There is activation of deeper levels of the occipital lobe and reticular formation. This enhances polarization in the brain between front and back, says Sergeyev. When the gradient between front and back of the brain reaches a certain level, and there is most intense activity in the occipital lobe, radiation of electrostatic and electromagnetic fields are detected by the force field detectors four feet from the body….Heartbeat, brain waves, and force field fluctuations are in ratio. The fields around the PK medium are stronger further away than close to the head.  Mikhailova appears to focus these force field waves in a specific area.

In the 1975 report from Lamothe mentioned above, he also mentions that Kulagina experiences dizziness, elevated heart rate, anxiety and sometimes felt ill while performing in front of scientists and military personnell. Lamothe mentions that she had a much easier time and didn’t experience these symptoms and feelings of discomfort, which also affected her ability, when demonstrating her abilities in front of friends, or those who were already open to this type of phenomenon.

There are multiple videos of Kuligina that can be found on YouTube, and various articles attempting to, as with all other “psychics” who have in some way gone public or have been brought into the limelight of the public by others, debunk her and label her is a fraud. This is why I refer to official documentation published and archived by intelligence agencies, because it’s a fact that they took the matter quite seriously and those that claim to debunk Kuligina never really provide any sources. Keep in mind that she is one of many examples. The fact of the matter is that people with these types of abilities, and the idea that these abilities may be real and lay dormant within all of us simply threatens the beliefs and world paradigm of many people. This doesn’t mean that there aren’t frauds out there by the way, but it seems that everybody in this category seems to be listed as one.

Nina Kulagina
CIA document on people’s “paranormal ability to break through Spatial Barriers”. Click here to read the article.
Concluding Comments

Humanity still seems to have a difficult time accepting or even looking into concepts and phenomena that may not fit the frame. When it comes to topics like parapsychology, it can be especially difficult due to the fact that it’s been completely ridiculed, labelled as a hoax and deemed a “conspiracy theory” for many decades. This massive ridicule campaign has really closed the collective mind when it comes to even entertaining this type of thing.

That being said, we will always continue to cover such phenomenon because it’s one of many that is and does have the potential to greatly expand human consciousness and the way we perceive our world. There is still so much to discover about the nature of reality. This is why I believe Nikola Tesla said that “The day science begins to study non-physical phenomena, it will make more progress in one decade than in all the previous centuries of its existence.” ((Saad & Medeiros, 2015) I believe non-material science represents the next scientific revolution.

As I’ve said many times before, it’s not new discoveries, developments and technological advancements that will change the world, it’s the consciousness behind these factors that determines which way as a collective we move. Do we use our discoveries and advancements for the betterment of humanity and in service to others? Or do we use them for control, profit, greed, to build weapons and to feed the ego? Real change comes from within. We cannot change and transform the human experience without an inner transformation, and I believe humanity is currently going through that process.

This article (Nina Kulagina: A Real Psychokinetic Documented By The U.S. Defence Intelligence Agency) was originally created for Collective Evolution and is published here under Creative Commons.

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Esoteric/Occult

UNICEF – Inside The Satanic, Occult Themed Fundraiser Of The World’s Leading Children’s Charity

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Satanic
Photo Credit: Pexels

Buck RogersGuest Writer

UNICEF, the United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund was originally set up to provide emergency food, shelter and support to children in countries that were devastated by World War II. Fast forward to today, and the organization has apparently become yet another elitist bastion of occult worship and satanic symbolism, and somehow the public doesn’t seem to notice or care.

Each year the organization hosts a masquerade ball fundraising event at Clifton’s in Los Angeles, and the event in 2018 was disturbingly loaded with Illuminati and occult symbolism. Why is a children’s charity participating in the culture of elite occultism at a time when child trafficking, sex abuse, and ritual abuse of children seems to be at an all-time high? The organization wants you to believe that the event’s theme was just for fun, but it follows a disturbing trend for these types of elite institutions.

According to the official site for the event:

The UNICEF Masquerade Ball is UNICEF Next Generation’s signature philanthropic event. Masked guests, dressed in their finest attire, dance the night away in celebration and support of UNICEF’s lifesaving work. Over 800 emerging global leaders, innovators, celebrities and philanthropists attend the UNICEF Masquerade Ball each year. 

In a promotional video for the event, found on their website, you can see plenty of rich people living it up in weird demonic costumes and ridiculously expensive designer clothing, all against the backdrop of pictures of suffering foreign children who supposedly need the help of people at the ball. There are plenty of devil’s horns, antlers, and other symbols to make you wonder what is actually the inspiration for such an event.

In attendance at the event are a bunch of elite socialites, fashion designers and such, many of whom sport overtly satanic costumes, like this devil/goat horns headpiece worn by fashion personality August Getty. Interesting how he is posing in front of a banner that reads, ‘children first.’ What’s he going to do to the children first? Lydia Hearst was in attendance, sporting a lovely white dress with a fashionable inverted cross on the front. Inverted crosses are all the rage right now in rap music and in pop music culture in general. Hearst is, of course, the great-granddaughter of William Randolph Hearst, America’s most powerful media magnate of the 20th century, and a man known for his position as a 33rd Degree Freemason.

“William Randolph Hearst Jr., was a 33 degree mason and a very powerful man in the media world.” – B.Huldah, The JFK Files

“Illuminatus William Randolph Hearst gave Anton LaVey some big help. His Avon Publishing published his Satanic Bible in 1969 (it was first released in Dec. ‘69). Since then it has reportedly gone through over 30 printings. LaVey’s next book The Satanic Rituals also was published by Hearst Avon in 1972. It talks about the power that blood sacrifices give the magician. Hearst’s papers also gave him publicity.” – Fritz Springmeier, The Illuminati Formula to Create a Mind Control Slave

Illuminati imagery was a staple of the event, featured in promotional materials and even the dance floor was a black and white checkerboard.

In the video above you see the same pattern in one of the weirder scenes of David Lynch’s occult masterpiece, Twin Peaks.

The checkerboard pattern is a notorious Masonic design, and here it is used as the dance floor of the masquerade ball.

Masquerade balls where wealthy elitists gather in strange occult costumes have been around for ages. Here, at the Rothschilds’ ball you can see similarities in the costumes worn by the rich and powerful.

Humanity being used as a monopoly table for the elite
The 5 Cartels that rule America & the World. Click here to read the article.
Final Thoughts

Why is it that these types of global, big-money institutions that are supposedly set up to work for human freedom always full of such strange, all-seeing-eye symbols, hybrid human beats, and devil’s horns? What really is the message they want the public to get?

As Vigilant Citizen notes, the UNICEF agenda as a whole should be in question to those who truly advocate for the safety of the world’s children.

“While UNICEF’s original goal was to provide temporary emergency relief to children victim of World War II, it became a permanent part of the United Nations System a few years later. Since then, its mission gradually changed from saving children from death to “advocating for their rights”.” [Source]

Maybe they know something the rest of us don’t know. Maybe in order to be this successful you have to sell your soul to something, and then have to spend your life sending occult signals to the general public. Do you remember the creepy opening ceremony at the 2012 London Olympics, which frightened the world with this giant dead baby thing taking center stage?

The views in this article may not reflect editorial policy of Collective Spark.

About the Author

Buck Rogers is the earth-bound incarnation of that familiar part of our timeless cosmic selves, the rebel within. He is a surfer of ideals and meditates often on the promise of happiness in a world battered by the angry seas of human thoughtlessness.

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History

Clear Footage Of Multiple UFOs Recorded & Seen By Dozens Of People In Florida (Video)

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Clear Footage Of Multiple UFOs
Photo Credit: Collective Evolution

Below is one video out of thousands floating around on the internet of supposed footage of unidentified flying objects. Keep in mind, many pictures and videos of these crafts have been published and analysed thoroughly, so there is no shortage of verified footage and pictures. (More information on that can be found below the video.)

This one in particular comes from Dr. Steven Greer, founder of The Disclosure Project and the Center for the Study of Extraterrestrial Intelligence (CSETI). Known to some as the “Father of the Disclosure Movement,” he was instrumental in bringing forth hundreds of military whistleblowers of all ranks, with verified backgrounds, to share their experience and testify on the UFO/extraterrestrial phenomenon.

There is, admittedly, plenty of disinformation being spread within the UFOlogy field, and many people seeking to manipulate the evidence and public opinion, which makes it difficult to assess what information is legitimate and what is not. It unfortunately comes down to doing your own research and using your best judgement.

Greer has had meetings with high level people in the Pentagon, according to himself, Dr. Edgar Mitchell (Apollo 14, who accompanied him on some of these meetings), and many more.

Dr. Greer has been doing these types of outings for quite a while, and he’s not the only one. Last year, a couple of our members made a trip out to a gathering of researchers, whistleblowers, enthusiasts, and witnessed something similar.

When you get to that level, and hang around those types of people, you’re going to draw attention, and anybody who draws massive amounts of attention will be praised, as well as vilified. Within the UFO movement, there are those that disagree and don’t associate with each other, which is very weird and shouldn’t be happening.

Interesting footage.

I think it’s safe to say that UFOs are no longer a fringe topic, as their existence has been verified in the mainstream world, but beyond that, most people are still in the dark. It’s important to keep in mind that a decade ago you were considered a conspiracy theorist for even believing in the existence of UFOs. Things have changed since then, but believing that some of these craft are extraterrestrial in origin is still considered ‘out there.

This is why so many scientists around the world have been urging the scientific study of UFOs for decades. The Sturrock Report, for example, an effort that gathered the world’s top minds, was put together in the form of a paper urging that, if “the analysis of physical evidence turns up very strong evidence that objects related with UFO reports were manufactured outside the solar system, then one must obviously consider very seriously that the phenomenon involves not only extraterrestrial vehicles, but probably also extraterrestrial beings.”

Their main objective was to examine any possible physical evidence, and have it carefully collected and analysed. These objects have been commonly photographed, as well as tracked on air/ground radar.

One example, used in the Sturrock report was a photo taken by two Royal Canadian Air Force pilots on August 27th, 1956, in McCleod, Alberta, Canada. (“Physical Evidence Related To UFO Reports” – The Sturrock Panel Report – Electromagnetic Effects) (source) (source)

The pilots were flying in a formation of four F86 Sabre jet aircraft. One of the pilots described the phenomenon as a “bright light which was sharply defined and disk-shaped,” that looked like “a shiny silver dollar sitting horizontal.” Another pilot managed to photograph the object, as you can see above.

An analysis of this case was also published in the Journal of Scientific Exploration (“Optical Power Output of an Unidentified High Altitude Light Source,” vol. 13, #2, 1999).

This is one of many examples to give you an idea. Many documents indicate electrical equipment failure when entering the vicinity of these UFOs, like this one from the National Security Agency (NSA).

Just as there was evidence for UFOs when they were still considered a conspiracy, most, if not all researchers who have studied this phenomenon, will tell you with absolute certainty that there is ample evidence to support what’s known as the “extraterrestrial hypothesis,” and so will high ranking whistleblowers with verified backgrounds, from various decades — from Herman Oberth, one of the founding fathers of modern rocketry, to Edgar Mitchell, the 6th man to walk on the moon.

It’s similar to Snowden’s mass surveillance revelation, which also used to be considered a conspiracy theory. His story stands as a great example of just how hard it is for someone to blow the whistle on secret, unacknowledged Special Access Programs.

“There is a serious possibility that we are being visited and have been visited for many years by people from outer space, from other civilizations. This should be the subject of rigorous scientific investigation and not the subject of ‘rubbishing’ by tabloid newspapers.” 

— Lord Admiral Hill-Norton, Former Chief of Defence Staff, 5 Star Admiral of the Royal Navy, Chairman of the NATO Military Committee (source)

These objects perform manoeuvres that defy our understanding of physics. What’s more, there have been strange reports of involvement with and of extraterrestrials within the secret space program.

If you want to listen to a great lecture and learn more about the secret space program, you can check out this article we published earlier in the year.

If you’d like to go through some of that evidence, please visit the exopolitics section of our here.

This article (Clear Footage of Multiple UFOs Recorded & Seen By Dozens of People in Florida (Video)) was originally created for Collective Evolution and is published here under Creative Commons.

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