Who were the Anunnaki and why should we care?
The short answer is: The Annunaki “Those Of Royal Blood” are believed to be immortal gods that inhabited Earth during the ancient Sumerian time in Mesopotamia.
Anunnaki literally means, “Those who from heaven came down to Earth.”
Who Were The Sumerians?
The Sumerians appear on the archaeological record beginning around 4,500 BCE. Located in present-day Iraq, the region, a.k.a. Mesopotamia, has long been referred to as “the cradle of civilization.” Sumer was a handful of city states initially ruled by priests, each organized around a city and temple now called a “ziggurat.” The ziggurats, dedicated to Anunnaki worship, were layered pyramids with flat tops. These communities were considered to be “servant-slave” populations dedicated to serving the temple gods, the Anunnaki. Over time, priesthood ruler ship gave way to kings.
The Sumerians were skilled trade merchants, and acquired lapis from Afghanistan, cedar from Lebanon, and gold from the Indus Valley. Their agrarian culture gave us the plow as well as “time” — the 24-hour day and 60-minute hour.
Sumerian history is gleaned from archaeologist and geologic evidence — written records are in the form of cuneiform tablets. Reportedly, some half-million tablets have been recovered, but only a small number have been translated. Much was also learned from translations of Babylonian records; Sumer was considered “ancient” in Babylonian times.
Sumerians worshiped the Anunnaki, said to be the children of earth and sky; An, the sky god, and Ki, the earth goddess. Chief among them was Enlil, god of air. This pantheon was passed to the Akkadian, Babylonian, and Assyrian cultures. The Epic of Gilgamesh, the story of the historical king of Sumerian city-state Urek, is an ancient literary relic of Sumerian culture.
Above is the mainstream “narrative” regarding the Anunnaki — others have drawn different conclusions based on archaeological evidence, analysis of Sumerian mythology, and translations of cuneiform tablets.
The Flipside Of The Annunaki Story
Author Michael Cremo (“Forbidden Archaeology”) has researched the history of archaeology for 40-plus years, documenting findings that have been excluded from mainstream, academic archaeology; findings that would disrupt the widely accepted story of human origins.
Cremo, along with author Zecharia Sitchin, Erich von Däniken (author, “Chariots of the Gods”), author and researcher Michael Tellinger, and several others, makes compelling arguments that the Anunnaki were, in fact, off world beings posing as “gods.” This theory also asserts that these “sky” gods genetically engineered the human race a slave species, which may account for weak links in the evolutionary story. These theories gave birth to the “ancient astronaut” hypothesis asserting that off-world beings have been posing as gods to influence human affairs for millennia.
Many believe that the Annunaki extracted massive amounts of gold using human labour — this is derived from multiple discoveries of ancient mining tunnels in South Africa, as well as relics and links to the Sumerians. “No one knows why they wanted gold, no one knows how much was taken,” said Tellinger. He added that the Annunaki introduced the concepts of money, finance and debt to human societies.
A theory that these beings originated from “Nibiru,” a.k.a. “Planet X” has been added to alternate Anunnaki narratives, as well as the likelihood of the off world gods bringing advanced technologies that account for sophisticated mega structures such as the pyramids or Stonehenge. Out-of-place artefacts and tool discoveries contribute to these premises. The Sumerians are also known for sophisticated astronomical and mathematical knowledge, speculated to have passed from the Annunaki.
While no lists of the Annunaki pantheon exist, it is known that each Sumerian city-state had its own Annunaki god/overseer assigned by senior Annunaki Marduk.
Some, perhaps inspired by Theosophical Society founder Helena Blavatsky’s book “The Secret Doctrine,” assert that the Annunaki are/were a reptilian race that survives to this day, deeply entrenched in human affairs. In her book, Blavatsky wrote of “dragon men” who influenced the lost Lemurian civilization.
David Icke has been on the disclosure/conspiracy lecture circuit since 1999 — he accurately reported that U.K. TV and radio star Jimmy Savile was a rampant paedophile, proven true after Savile’s death in 2011.
Icke believes the imposter Anunnaki gods continue to manipulate humanity from seats of political, corporate, and financial power worldwide. He explains that these beings not only exploit humans, but feed off collective fear; Icke calls for a disconnect from mainstream media and Orwellian entrainment that triggers fear and anxiety — an aggregate hypnotic state.
Many share Icke’s view. On the surface, the Anunnaki/Reptilian narrative appears to be an completely unbelievable hypothesis. But follow the breadcrumbs for a fascinating story reaching from ancient times to modern, and draw your own conclusions.
Make sure to check out the below video that shares an independent point of view based on deep research on the topic of the Sumerians and the Anunnaki.
They Landed Somewhere in the Middle East, Then Things Get Really Weird!
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Researchers May Have Recreated Cleopatra’s Perfume Thanks To 2,000-Year-Old Residue
Cleopatra’s perfume was so legendary that Marc Antony could supposedly smell the queen from miles away before her ships even arrived on the shores of his kingdom.
After centuries’ worth of paintings and sculptures, we have a pretty good idea of what Cleopatra, the storied ruler of ancient Egypt, looked like. But now, we may also know what she smelled like.
After years of excavations and study, a group of researchers believe they’ve solved this mystery and actually recreated Cleopatra’s perfume.
Uncovering An Ancient Perfume Factory
As Atlas Obscura wrote, Robert Littman and Jay Silverstein of the University of Hawai’i at Mānoa have been investigating the perfumes of the ancient world for years, focusing in particular on what scent Cleopatra herself might have worn. Their journey began with the discoveries at the Tell Timai excavation project at the site of the ancient Egyptian city of Thmuis which was founded around 4,500 B.C.
This city was home to production facilities for two of the most well-known perfumes in the ancient world: Mendesian and Metopian. Excavation at the site revealed that large compounds with kilns dating from the third century B.C. used imported clay as well as glass to produce perfume bottles during both the pre-Roman period as well as the Roman occupation period.
Some of these containers, called amphorae (a tall ancient Greek or Roman jar with two handles and a narrow neck), showed residue of the 2,000-plus-year-old ingredients once used to make perfume at the site. And these ancient scents, they’ve now found, included what may have been the legendary Cleopatra’s perfume.
Recreating Cleopatra’s Perfume
After such a long time, the amphorae no longer retained the smell of the liquid residue inside them. However, researchers did a chemical analysis of the residue which revealed a few key ingredients in the liquid mix.
Taking the ingredients found in the ancient residue, and folding in information found in ancient Greek texts on the subject, the researchers were able to recreate the formulas for perfumes of the era. Given the age and discovery location of the residue, researchers infer — but aren’t sure — that this could be Cleopatra’s perfume.
The ancient perfume formulas that the researchers cooked up used a base of myrrha — resin originating from a tree native to the Horn of Africa and the Arabian Peninsula — along with several other ingredients that you might very well have in your kitchen cupboard today, like olive oil, cinnamon, and cardamom.
The result was a formula that was a lot thicker and stickier than the more watery perfumes of today. Still, the ancient perfume reportedly gave off a nice musky, spicy scent that would last longer than most modern perfumes would.
Littman described the scent as “the Chanel No. 5 of ancient Egypt.”
“What a thrill it is to smell a perfume that no one has smelled for 2,000 years and one which Cleopatra might have worn,” Littman stated in a press release from the university.
The Continuing Search For Cleopatra’s Perfume
While researchers were successful in recreating the scents of ancient Egypt, the question still remains whether or not this was actually Cleopatra’s perfume.
For one, as royalty, it would make sense for her to concoct her own signature scents rather than wear what the public would be wearing. According to perfumer Mandy Aftel, who was involved in another research project to reproduce the perfume used on an adolescent mummy, it is believed that Cleopatra did actually have her own perfume-making facility.
Legend has it that Cleopatra would pour so much of her personalized perfume on the sails of her boats that Marc Antony could smell her coming from miles away even before she arrived at the shores of Tarsus. Shakespeare even wrote about Cleopatra’s famously scented sails which he described as “so perfumèd that the winds were lovesick with them.”
But is the newly-recreated formula actually Cleopatra’s perfume? Researchers aren’t sure and may never be certain.
Nevertheless, this extraordinary new creation is now on display as part of the upcoming “Queens of Egypt” exhibit at the National Geographic Museum in Washington, D.C.
This article (Researchers May Have Recreated Cleopatra’s Perfume Thanks To 2,000-Year-Old Residue) was originally created for All That Interesting and is published here under Creative Commons.
Ancient Egyptian North Star Eclipsed By Astronomical Discovery
Ashley Cowie, Ancient Origins
The star used by ancient Egyptians as their North Star has just been discovered to be one part of a pair of binary stars that periodically eclipse one another, according to NASA scientists.
The team’s astronomical findings were published Oct. 31, 2019 in the Research Notes of the American Astronomical Society (AAS). Using NASA’s Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS), astronomers found that from Earth‘s perspective, Thuban, and its fainter companion star, pass in front of each other (eclipse) every 51.4 days at an average distance of about 38 million miles apart.
Also known as Alpha Draconis, the star is located 270 light-years from Earth in the constellation of Draco, the dragon , and Thuban is estimated to be five times brighter and nearly double the size of its stellar companion, and while it is not a particularly bright star to us it held a special place in the hearts of ancient stargazers.
Ancient Dragon Star of The Egyptians
Caused by the gravitational pull of the Sun and the Moon on the Earth the 26,000-year-long precession cycle determines which star is seen at the north celestial pole at any given time. Several historical sources claim Thuban lay almost exactly at the north celestial pole in the year 2787 BC and this can be confirmed with modern astronomical models. Thuban, therefore, as a part of the constellation ‘Draco’, the Dragon, lay at the fixed celestial North Pole when the Egyptians were building the pyramids.
In the 1960s, the so-called ‘air shafts’ in the Great Pyramid of Giza, that were once thought to serve for ventilation as the pyramids were being built, were found to align to the star Thuban at the north celestial pole, around which the heavens appeared to turn. And now, scientists find as the dragon star flies around the universe at a certain stage in its cycle, viewed from Earth, it is eclipsed by another star.
How Did We Miss This?
In a NASA statement, scientist Dr. Angela Kochoska, a postdoctoral researcher at Villanova University in Pennsylvania, says the first question that comes to mind is “how did we miss this?” And proposing an answer she said that the eclipses only last six hours so they are easily missed, and furthermore, the star is so bright the detectors on NASA’s Kepler observatory would have been saturated, ‘masking the eclipses.’
Using TESS, the stellar pair’s brightness was tracked for 27 days at a time revealing that Thuban and its companion are among the brightest ‘eclipsing binaries’, which are pairs of stars that pass in front of one another, but neither star completely concealing the other, the astronomers said in a statement. And it is by observing these eclipses that astronomers hope to get a more accurate measurement of the mass and size of each star.
Precision Precession Targeting Takes Time
Discovering eclipses in a well-known, bright, historically important star highlights how TESS impacts the broader astronomical community, said Padi Boyd, the TESS project scientist at NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland. In this case, the high precision TESS data can be used to help constrain fundamental stellar parameters at a level we’ve never before achieved, said the NASA scientist, whose forefathers in the ancient world regarded eclipses as powerful omens that foretold death and destruction.
The modern pole star, Polaris, formerly Phoenice, will get as close as it will get to the celestial north pole on March 24, 2100, but Thuban’s precision, as seen from Earth, will only be beaten by the star Alderamin, which will take its turn at the apparently fixed north pole around 7500 AD.
This article (Ancient Egyptian North Star Eclipsed By Astronomical Discovery) was originally published at Ancient Origins and is re-posted here under Creative Commons.
Scientists Have Unlocked The Power Of Gold Atoms But Is This Technology New Or Ancient?
For those who follow the stories of the ancient Sumerian tablets first discovered in the 1800s, you know that gold is central to the story. The Anunnaki, extraterrestrials from another planet, mined for precious gold in southern Africa when they arrived on Earth. The element has unique qualities that make it invaluable for many reasons; from jewellery to electrical components, to insulation used in space travel. Today, scientists have made a big leap in unlocking the potential of 2D gold, thousands of years later.
Now, researchers from the University of Leeds in the U.K. have created the world’s “thinnest gold” only two atoms in thickness. It’s so thin; they consider it 2-dimensional. They say it’s a “landmark achievement” in nano-materials with potential in the medical and electronics industries.
“The previous reported thinnest unsupported 2D gold nano-sheets have a minimum thickness of 3.6 nano-meters,” Sunjie Ye, lead author of the study, told Newsweek. “Our work represents the first fabrication of freestanding 2D gold with a sub-nano-meter thickness, that is, we have brought 2D gold to sub-nano-meter scale, which is a new focus of nanotechnology.”
Newsweek noted that researcher Stephen Evan from Leeds supervised the study. Leeds remarked that the gold sheets are a vast improvement over even gold nanoparticles.
“Gold is a highly effective catalyst. Because the nano-sheets are so thin, just about every gold atom plays a part in the catalysis. It means the process is highly efficient,” Stephen Evans, a researcher from Leeds who supervised the study, said in a statement.
“Standard benchmark tests revealed that gold nano-scale sheets were ten times more efficient than the gold nanoparticles conventionally used in industry. Our data suggests that industry could get the same effect from using a smaller amount of gold, and this has economic advantages when you are talking about a precious metal,” said Evans.
According to the article, the flexible 2D gold might be used to “develop artificial enzymes” for such technologies as water filtration and improved medical diagnostic tests.
The advanced use of gold in this manner is new to science in 2020. On the other hand, if you subscribe to the story of the Anunnaki from the cuneiform tablets of Mesopotamia, it could be a throwback to technology thousands of years old. According to Ancient Astronaut theory, the Anunnaki genetically engineered the first man or “Adamu as slaves for their gold-mining operations some 450,000 years ago. The gold was needed for the technology to save the home planet, which was falling into environmental ruin.
If we put aside scepticism for a moment and consider this to be true, could humans learn how to use gold for advanced technology to save our own environment in the future?
Much of the wisdom of these ancient beings was passed along to modern humans, but why not the technology associated with gold? For example, some of the system of mathematics and measurements we still use originated in ancient Mesopotamia. Consider that the hours and minutes that define our daily lives, based on the number 60, came from the ancients.
Zecharia Sitchin (1920 – 2010), the famous (or infamous, depending on your view?) author who expounded on the story of Anunnaki for years, was quoted in the New York Times in 2010 as the paper explored his ideas. Many people consider it bunk, but to Sitchin and a growing audience, the tablets aren’t just myth but record actual events.
“This is how Mr. Sitchin explains what scientists attribute to evolution. He says the aliens’ cities were washed away in a great flood 30,000 years ago, after which they began passing on their knowledge to humans. He showed a photograph of a woodcarving from 7,000 B.C. of a large man handing over a plow to a smaller man: Ah, the passing on of agricultural knowledge. Anyway, he said, the Nibiru-ites finally jetted home in their spacecraft, around 550 B.C.”
“This is in the texts; I’m not making it up,” Mr. Sitchin said, finishing his coffee. “They wanted to create primitive workers from the homoerectus and give him the genes to allow him to think and use tools.”
Today, humans are indeed thinking and using tools, but we still clearly have far to go before we could really be considered an advanced civilization. At least the use of 2D gold seems to be another small step in the right direction.
For a discussion of the Anunnaki and their quest for gold on Earth, as told in the Sumerian tablets, watch this video from Universe Inside You below:
This article (Scientists Have Unlocked The Power Of Gold Atoms But Is This Technology New Or Ancient?) was originally published at Ancient Code and is re-posted here under Creative Commons.
Ancient Sumer, The Anunnaki, And The Ancient Alien Theory
Stephen D. Foster Jr., Ancient Code
Sumer is a historical region of the Middle East, the southern part of ancient Mesopotamia, between the alluvial plains of the Euphrates and Tigris Rivers.
The Sumerian civilization is considered, according to many authors, as the first and oldest civilization on the surface of the planet, even though there is evidence that the Vinca Culture from Europe is older.
Although the origin of its inhabitants, the Sumerians, is uncertain, there are numerous hypotheses as to where they came from.
The ancient Sumerians were the first people who started building actually organized cities laid out using actual city grids like we see in modern-day cities around the world.
The ancient inhabitants of Mesopotamia invented sewer systems, cobblestones -frequently used in the pavement of early streets, and they were also taught in Agriculture, but most importantly they were the first civilization that invented the first known writing system by using the cuneiform script on clay tablets. This entire cultural and technological boom came basically out of nowhere. The biggest issue is their origin, as experts cannot agree from where these people came from.
It seems plausible that the Sumerians were a tribe that came from elsewhere, possibly from the steppes, but their exact origin is unknown. This historic issue is referred to, since the twentieth century as the “Sumerian problem.”
In any case, it is during the Ubaid period when there are advances that crystallize in the Uruk period, and that serve to consider this moment as the beginning of the Sumerian civilization.
Some scholars also postulate that the Sumerians established in Mesopotamia, would not have an autochthonous origin, but would come from the culture that founded the city of Mohenjo-Daro (which existed between 2600 BC and 1800 BC) in India.
Wherever they may have come from, they were one of the most advanced ancient civilizations to live on Earth, and history tells us many interesting facts and stories about the Sumerians. Even today experts still do not have a complete picture that could tell them everything about the people that once inhabited the region of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers.
The Ubaid Period; The Start of Civilization?
The Ubaid period (c. 6500 to 3800 BC) is a prehistoric period of Mesopotamia. The name derives from Tell al-`Ubaid where the earliest large excavation of Ubaid period material was conducted initially by Henry Hall and later by Leonard Woolley.
Divided into four main phases, and spreading from Eridu, the Ubaid culture extended from the Middle of the Tigris and Euphrates to the shores of the Persian Gulf, and then spread down past Bahrain to the copper deposits at Oman.
The First City On Earth
According to the Sumerian King List Eridu was the first city in the World. The opening line reads:
“[nam]-lugal an-ta èd-dè-a-ba
“When kingship from heaven was lowered, the kingship was in Eridu.”
As noted by Sumerian mythology, the ancient city of Eridu was ONE of the FIVE ancient cities built on Earth before the great deluge.
Eridu was the most southern city of the conglomerate of Mesopotamia and important center of the cult to the God of the water, Enki.
The Sumerian King List; When Gods Ruled The Earth
One of the most valuable artifacts discovered from the Sumerian Civilization is the so-called Sumerian King List.
This ancient text describes in great detail a time when Earth was ruled by beings referred to as ‘Gods’ for thousands of years.
The list composed in Ancient Sumerian offers details about numerous generations of kings that ruled over the land of ancient Sumer. The list not only offers us their names, but it details their supposed length and location of Kingship.
“…Alulim became king; he ruled for 28800 years. Alaljar ruled for 36000 years. 2 kings; they ruled for 64800 years. Then Eridug fell and the kingship was taken to Bad-tibira. In Bad-tibira, En-men-lu-ana ruled for 43200 years…”
The Ancient Astronaut Theory; The Anunnaki Gods
As noted by the ancient astronaut theory, thousands of years ago, even before recorded history, our planet was visited by astronauts from another world. Extremely advanced beings with technology beyond our own today came to Earth and helped kick-start modern civilization.
In the 19th century archaeologists exploring the ancient ruins of Nineveh discovered 22,000 clay tablets. After translation, these tablets showed amazing similar stories to those found in the Judeo-Christian Bible.
We find stories of the great flood in these tablets and we can even read of Adam and Eve so basically all of these stories have precedence with the ancient Sumerians.
In 1976 author Zecharia Sitchin published his personal translations of the Sumerian texts in a series of books called “The Earth Chronicles“.
According to Sitchin, the clay tablets describe an alien race known as the Anunnaki who came to Earth to mine gold.
Sitchin practically suggests that extraterrestrial visited earth in the past because their home-planet needed gold to survive. The gold deposits in their atmosphere were depleting so they came to Earth, mined old and took it back to their planet to save it.
Today, numerous authors around the world believe Sitchin was right, despite the fact that mainstream scholars completely disagree with his theories.
Ancient Astronaut theorists agree that based on numerous archaeological discoveries: artifacts, records and monuments found in the past by experts, it is believed that the Anunnaki (Sumerian: “those who came down from the heavens), an extremely advanced civilization from an elusive planet in our solar system, came to Earth, landing in the Persian Gulf some 432,000 years ago.
Events Before the Deluge
450,000 years ago:
On Nibiru, a distant member of our solar system, life faces slow extinction as the planet’s atmosphere erodes. Deposed by Anu, the ruler Alalu escapes in a spaceship and finds refuge on Earth. He discovers that Earth has gold that can be used to protect Nibiru’s atmosphere.
Led by Enki, a son of Anu, the Anunnaki land on Earth, establish Eridu -Earth Station I – for extracting gold from the waters of the Persian Gulf.
Earth’s climate mellows. More Anunnaki arrive on Earth, among them Enki’s half-sister Ninhursag, Chief Medical Officer.
As gold production falters, Anu arrives on Earth with Enlil, the heir apparent. It is decided to obtain the vital gold by mining it in southern Africa. Drawing lots, Enlil wins command of Earth Mission; Enki is relegated to Africa. On departing Earth, Anu is challenged by Alalu’s grandson.
Seven functional settlements in southern Mesopotamia include a Spaceport (Sippar), Mission Control Center (Nippur), a metallurgical center (Shuruppak). The ores arrive by ships from Africa; the refined metal is sent aloft to orbiters manned by Igigi, then transferred to spaceships arriving periodically from Nibiru.
Gaining the support of the Igigi, Alalu’s grandson attempts to seize mastery over Earth. The Enlilites win the War of the Olden Gods.
The Anunnaki toiling in the gold mines mutiny. Enki and Ninhursag create Primitive Workers through genetic manipulation of Ape woman; they take over the manual chores of the Anunnaki. Enlil raids the mines, brings the Primitive Workers to the Edin in Mesopotamia. Given the ability to procreate, Homosapiens begins to multiply.
Life on Earth regresses during a new glacial period.
Climate warms again. The Anunnaki (the biblical Nefilim), to Enlil’s growing annoyance, marry the daughters of Man.
The “accursation of Earth” – a new Ice Age-begins. Regressive types of Man roam the Earth. Cro-Magnon man survives.
Enki and Ninhursag elevate humans of Anunnaki parentage to rule in Shuruppak. Enlil enraged. Plots Mankind’s demise.
Realizing that the passage of Nibiru in Earth’s proximity will trigger an immense tidal wave, Enlil makes the Anunnaki swear to keep the impending calamity a secret from Mankind.
This article (Ancient Sumer, The Anunnaki, And The Ancient Alien Theory) was originally created for Ancient Code and is published here under Creative Commons.
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