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Researchers May Have Recreated Cleopatra’s Perfume Thanks To 2,000-Year-Old Residue

Cleopatra’s perfume was so legendary that Marc Antony could supposedly smell the queen from miles away before her ships even arrived on the shores of his kingdom.

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Photo Credit: Truth Theory

After centuries’ worth of paintings and sculptures, we have a pretty good idea of what Cleopatra, the storied ruler of ancient Egypt, looked like. But now, we may also know what she smelled like.

After years of excavations and study, a group of researchers believe they’ve solved this mystery and actually recreated Cleopatra’s perfume.

Uncovering An Ancient Perfume Factory

As Atlas Obscura wrote, Robert Littman and Jay Silverstein of the University of Hawai’i at Mānoa have been investigating the perfumes of the ancient world for years, focusing in particular on what scent Cleopatra herself might have worn. Their journey began with the discoveries at the Tell Timai excavation project at the site of the ancient Egyptian city of Thmuis which was founded around 4,500 B.C.

This city was home to production facilities for two of the most well-known perfumes in the ancient world: Mendesian and Metopian. Excavation at the site revealed that large compounds with kilns dating from the third century B.C. used imported clay as well as glass to produce perfume bottles during both the pre-Roman period as well as the Roman occupation period.

Some of these containers, called amphorae (a tall ancient Greek or Roman jar with two handles and a narrow neck), showed residue of the 2,000-plus-year-old ingredients once used to make perfume at the site. And these ancient scents, they’ve now found, included what may have been the legendary Cleopatra’s perfume.

Recreating Cleopatra’s Perfume

After such a long time, the amphorae no longer retained the smell of the liquid residue inside them. However, researchers did a chemical analysis of the residue which revealed a few key ingredients in the liquid mix.

Taking the ingredients found in the ancient residue, and folding in information found in ancient Greek texts on the subject, the researchers were able to recreate the formulas for perfumes of the era. Given the age and discovery location of the residue, researchers infer — but aren’t sure — that this could be Cleopatra’s perfume.

The ancient perfume formulas that the researchers cooked up used a base of myrrha — resin originating from a tree native to the Horn of Africa and the Arabian Peninsula — along with several other ingredients that you might very well have in your kitchen cupboard today, like olive oil, cinnamon, and cardamom.

The result was a formula that was a lot thicker and stickier than the more watery perfumes of today. Still, the ancient perfume reportedly gave off a nice musky, spicy scent that would last longer than most modern perfumes would.

Littman described the scent as “the Chanel No. 5 of ancient Egypt.”

“What a thrill it is to smell a perfume that no one has smelled for 2,000 years and one which Cleopatra might have worn,” Littman stated in a press release from the university.

The Continuing Search For Cleopatra’s Perfume

While researchers were successful in recreating the scents of ancient Egypt, the question still remains whether or not this was actually Cleopatra’s perfume.

For one, as royalty, it would make sense for her to concoct her own signature scents rather than wear what the public would be wearing. According to perfumer Mandy Aftel, who was involved in another research project to reproduce the perfume used on an adolescent mummy, it is believed that Cleopatra did actually have her own perfume-making facility.

A look at the UH Tell Timai excavation project responsible for the uncovering of Cleopatra’s perfume.

Legend has it that Cleopatra would pour so much of her personalized perfume on the sails of her boats that Marc Antony could smell her coming from miles away even before she arrived at the shores of Tarsus. Shakespeare even wrote about Cleopatra’s famously scented sails which he described as “so perfumèd that the winds were lovesick with them.”

But is the newly-recreated formula actually Cleopatra’s perfume? Researchers aren’t sure and may never be certain.

Nevertheless, this extraordinary new creation is now on display as part of the upcoming “Queens of Egypt” exhibit at the National Geographic Museum in Washington, D.C.

This article (Researchers May Have Recreated Cleopatra’s Perfume Thanks To 2,000-Year-Old Residue) was originally created for All That Interesting and is published here under Creative Commons.

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Conspiracy Theories

Was Stanley Kubrick Telling Us Something With His 1999 Film ‘Eyes Wide Shut’?

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Eyes wide shut man wearing a mask
Photo Credit: Eyes Wide Shut

Stanley Kubrick’s last film before his untimely death, ‘Eyes Wide Shut,’ starring Tom Cruise and Nicole Kidman was perceived as a puzzle to many. This film was loaded with occult symbolism and featured an elaborate masquerade party involving orgies and sacrifices. Kubrick passed away from an apparent heart attack just days after screening his film to the studio. Was this simply a coincidence? After watching the film, and the short video below, you can decide for yourself.

Kubrick was viewed by many as one of the greatest filmmakers of our time; his films were often viewed as masterpieces and works of art. Perhaps most well-known for his films ‘2001: A Space Odyssey and ‘The Shining,’ Kubrick was not afraid to push the boundaries and often went places that no other filmmakers had gone before.

Any Kubrick fan likely knows of the hidden messages and symbolism that was always incorporated into his films. Some brush these off as a mere conspiracy, but those who decide to dig deeper into the hidden meaning behind these symbols find it easy to see that Stanley was trying to tell us something.

Eyes Wide Shut

This film was Kubrick’s last, and for those who are aware of what is really going on behind the scenes in regards to the elite societies that run our world, it is easy to see why. Eyes Wide Shut was actually filmed in a Rothschild mansion and the events that took place in this film are eerily similar to a real masquerade party that took place in the 70’s. It only takes a little bit of research to see that these elite parties often have themes relating to some form of satanic rituals. At the Rothschild’s Party, there were photos of how the place was decorated, with doll parts and blood everywhere. With the menu featuring words to describe human flesh.

17 Genuinely Creepy Photos From A 1972 Rothschild Dinner Party
17 Genuinely Creepy Photos From A 1972 Rothschild Dinner Party. Click here to read the article.
What Did Kubrick Know?

It would seem that perhaps Kubrick knew too much for his own good and attempted to expose what was really going on behind closed doors. Was he invited to one of these parties and got a first-hand account of what was going on? Perhaps someone had confided in him about events that were witnessed. We will never be able to know for sure, but it is clear that with his very last film Kubrick was trying to tell us something. If you have seen the film, you may have finished it feeling confused, and perhaps that something important was missing. There have been a number of rumours that a whole 20 minutes of the film was cut after Kubrick presented it to the studio. This footage is missing and unattainable, and what’s even fishier, is Kubrick’s death just days after the film was screened. The official cause of death was a heart attack, but many believe that his death was merely made to look like a heart attack and there was some more sinister work at play. If Kubrick was murdered for revealing too much, it could have been used as a threat for others who may have been thinking of doing the same to keep their mouths shut.

The short, 20-minute documentary below, ‘The REAL Eyes Wide Shut’ goes into this theory more deeply and points out some of the blatant symbolism used in Kubrick’s last film, Eyes Wide Shut.

The REAL Eyes Wide Shut

After watching this documentary, what do you think? Was Kubrick trying to tell us something that ultimately got him murdered?

This article (Was Stanley Kubrick Telling Us Something With His 1999 Film ‘Eyes Wide Shut’?) was originally created for Collective Evolution and is published here under Creative Commons.

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Conspiracy Theories

The Legend Of The Chronovisor, A ‘Time Machine’ Hidden In The Vatican

From the 1960s until the 1990s, Father Pellegrino Ernetti claimed that he helped create a time machine called the Chronovisor, which he used to observe the crucifixion of Jesus Christ.

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Chronovisor
Photo Credit: Gaia

From the still-unsolved disappearance of Emanuela Orlandi in 1983 to a covert collection of documents known as the Apostolic Archive, the Vatican is seemingly shrouded in secret. Of all the Vatican’s purported secrets, however, the sci-fi legend of the Chronovisor has to be its most bizarre.

Said to be a device with the ability to see through time, the existence of the Chronovisor has never been proven, but a 2002 book by Vatican priest Father François Brune says otherwise.

According to Brune, the Chronovisor was developed by Father Pellegrino Ernetti, a Benedictine monk. Ernetti allegedly kept the device secret until the early 1960s when he confided in Brune and told him that 12 scientists, including famed physicist Enrico Fermi and former Nazi scientist Wernher von Braun, helped him to build it.

Made of cathode rays, antennae, and metals that received sound and light signals on all wavelengths, the Chronovisor purportedly allowed the team of scientists to document events of the past, including the crucifixion of Jesus Christ. The machine, therefore, could validate the teachings of the Bible, simply by providing a first-hand look into the past.

The Chronovisor Was Allegedly Built By A NASA Engineer
Enrico Fermi
Enrico Fermi, who allegedly helped build the Chronovisor, won the Nobel Prize in physics in 1938.

The de facto resource on the Chronovisor is Brune’s 2002 book, Le Nouveau Mystère du Vatican. In it, Brune explains how he met Father Ernetti on a boat ride across Venice’s Grand Canal in the early 1960s. Like Brune, Ernetti was well-versed in the history of ancient languages, which made for natural conversation. But soon, Ernetti directed their chat toward science.

Brune had been expounding on the many ways in which the Christian Bible could be interpreted when Ernetti suggested that he had access to the truth via a time-traveling device.

Ernetti claimed that he and a group of renowned scientists came together in a mutual quest to uncover the past. One scientist was Fermi, who won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1938, and another was the ex-Nazi von Braun, whose work at NASA got America to the moon.

Nazi-turned-NASA scientist Wernher von Braun (center).
Nazi-turned-NASA scientist Wernher von Braun (center).

According to Ernetti, the device had several antennae, three of which were made of “mysterious” metals that picked up sound and light waves across their entire respective spectrums.

A “direction finder” on the device was allegedly tuned into the specific era one wanted to view, while a screen displayed it and a recording device captured the footage.

The Chronovisor was thus more of a window into the past than a time machine. Ernetti said it worked like a television, catching echoes from days long gone that had been “floating” in space — and he claimed to have seen some astonishing things.

The Device Revealed The Bible’s Most Important Moments
Purported blueprints for the device.
Purported blueprints for the device.

Ernetti recounted how he witnessed Marcus Tullius Cicero’s speech to the Roman senate in 63 B.C. “His gestures, his intonation,” Ernetti effused. “How powerful they were! What flights of oratory.” Ernetti made additional, increasingly bolder claims, such as having observed the crucifixion of Jesus Christ.

From the founding of the Roman Empire to the destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah, Ernetti alleged that he and his team had taken a peek into some of the most important events in the Bible.

On May 2, 1972, an Italian publication called La Domenica del Corriere published his claim. Titled “A Machine That Photographs The Past Has Finally Been Invented,” the article covered Ernetti’s shocking statements for all of Italy to read.

Alongside the admittedly dubious claims, the magazine published an alleged photograph from the Chronovisor that Ernetti claimed captured the Romans crucifying Jesus Christ. The 1972 article also purported that Ernetti had witnessed the Last Supper and kept a photograph of the Biblical event for himself as a souvenir.

One of the many articles documenting Ernetti’s claims.
One of the many articles documenting Ernetti’s claims.

Ernetti maintained until his death in 1994 that the machine had been hidden away by the Vatican in order to safeguard it from falling into the wrong hands. Interestingly, the Vatican decreed in 1988 that “anyone using an instrument of such characteristics would be excommunicated.”

Shortly before he died, Ernetti wrote an open letter adamantly reiterating that the device was real. He claimed that “Pope Pius XII forbade us to disclose any details about this device because the machine was very dangerous. It can restrain the freedom of man.”

The purported photo of Jesus (left) and a curiously similar painting (right) created long before Ernetti released this image.
The purported photo of Jesus (left) and a curiously similar painting (right) created long before Ernetti released this image.

As tantalizing as the Chronovisor may sound, many of Ernetti’s claims about it have since been debunked. Sceptics have maintained that his purported photograph of Jesus was merely a cheap reproduction of a statue housed in an Umbrian church. Another magazine argued that the photo was merely a reversed image of Jesus from a postcard made in the Italian town of Collevalenza.

In 1996, Paracelsus magazine issued further critiques of Ernetti’s claims. The piece questioned why Ernetti hadn’t published detailed instructions on how to build the device in order to legitimize his claims. Furthermore, the article revealed how the Chronovisor’s design bore a stark resemblance to a similar device in a 1947 sci-fi novella.

Brune died a believer in the Chronovisor in 2019.

Some say that Father Pellegrino Ernetti confessed to having fabricated the whole story before his death on April 8, 1994, but this remains hotly contested. With von Braun, Fermi, Ernetti, and Brune now dead, only the intriguing mystery remains.

In that sense, the Chronovisor has stood the test of time as a Vatican mystery for the ages.

This article (The Legend Of The Chronovisor, A ‘Time Machine’ Hidden In The Vaticanl) was originally created for All That Interesting and is published here under Creative Commons.

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European Defence Industry Claims It Will Crack Down On UFO & ET Discussion

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UFO & ET Discussion
Photo Credit: Collective Evolution

In a recent tweet from the European Commission’s Defence Industry and Space (DEFIS), they claimed they will begin to crack down on online discussion relating to Flat Earth, UFOs, and Aliens as they feel there is disinformation permeating all sectors of our society when it comes to these subjects. They intend on working with the EU Digital Services Act to put a plan in place in the coming months.

Who knows what their plan will look like when it’s ready, but it falls in line with a rapidly building culture within government of taking mass control of narratives that are controversial and important to the general public. In the process, government and mainstream media seem to be the only ones allowed to have a voice anyone can hear.

At first glance, the move by DEFIS might seem a useful tactic, after all there is disinformation being spread about all of these topics. But who decides what is disinformation and what isn’t? What if information is in fact real and suddenly that content is ‘censored’ in the wide net that is cast to stop this apparent problem? How will the public even know what is being censored and what is not? Will this push control over who can talk about and disseminate ‘facts’ about these topics to mainstream media and government only?

Before we might jump into the idea that my questions above may come from a paranoid mind, let’s look at the facts.

There has been a long held veil of secrecy around the UFO subject for years. Governments deny realities that their own intelligence communities know are real. With the recent US Navy UFO videos that were released a couple of years ago, people began to realize that a subject long ridiculed was in fact heavily studied by governments, even as they pretended as if nothing was there. This caused a huge resurgence in a fascinating topic that deeply touches the very worldviews that inspire how we design and live our lives.

In 2017 when we all saw the US Navy footage released, did it not suggest that perhaps the US government had known about this phenomenon for decades? How long might government lie about other pieces of information related to the UFO topic before they come out saying it was true all along? Like they did in 2019, confirming the Navy footage was authentic.

Let’s take a quick look at the next obvious question people ask when thinking about a UFO sighting: “Who is manning that craft? A human? An ET? Is it remote controlled?”

That question brings up the next: what evidence do we have of ET bodies? With this we inevitably all know that there is no publicly available evidence that suggest beyond any reasonable doubt that an ET body exists, however, we have credible whistleblowers from institutions many often trust who have stated quite clearly that government knows about different ET species and even has ET bodies. Do we trust them? Can we be more open to this reality given their testimony? If not, why do we trust these types of credentialed people for COVID information but not ET information?

Which leads to even bigger questions: do we really lack the information to make informed decisions about the UFO and ET phenomenon? Or are we too busy protecting our existing worldview to take an honest and unbiased look?

Popular By Design?

I also want to point out that I’ve noticed an interesting phenomenon take place within media as it relates to controversial conversations and it makes me hypothesize whether there are ulterior motives involving social engineering at play. I’ll explain. But before I do, let me be clear, I don’t support the idea of censorship or the banning of free speech. I don’t believe certain people should be censored while others not.

It’s no secret that in recent years, many people have been losing trust in government and mainstream media due to a lack of transparency, obvious agendas, and consistent lies. People have no reason to fully trust these sources anymore, and so they have looked elsewhere with different perspectives. As a result, independent media has gained a lot more influence when it comes to informing public perception. You might imagine that those with a monopoly on information might not be too happy about this. Powerful and wealthy people who enjoy having the media outlets they bought to influence public perception would see a loss in their power as well.

When I think of things like the resurgence of the ‘flat earth’ discussion that began years ago on Reddit, YouTube, and other social media sites, I wonder how and why this random topic blows up in pop culture instead of fizzling out like so many other trends do.

With flat earth, people began adamantly claiming that beyond all reasonable doubt, the earth was flat, and this was the biggest secret kept from humanity. Huge YouTube channels popped up, documentaries were made about it, and major NBA and pop culture influencers were all on board.

I decided to look into it all for a few days, and as an open minded person and journalist who spends a ton of time reading paranormal and supernatural research, the evidence and arguments for a flat earth were bad. I didn’t see any reason to take it seriously. This doesn’t mean I wouldn’t look at a new piece of evidence should someone provide one, but from having looked into the subject, there really isn’t anything there that is worth time in exploring further.

Is it possible that subjects like this are seeded out into the collective consciousness to see what people will pick up on? What they will believe? Perhaps an experiment by intelligence agencies who seem obsessed with sniffing habits, data, and culture through mass surveillance?

The resurgence of flat earth and the amount of clout it was getting in pop culture made me feel odd. Was it being placed into large conversations and given so much algorithmic power on social media so that a topic so obviously wrong can now be the focus of a pointing finger that says: “see, look what happens when people talk online, they believe crazy things.” I wasn’t incredibly convinced by my theory, but I was open to it. However it was further solidified when the Q phenomenon took over next.

The Q phenomenon, or as it’s known in the mainstream ‘Qanon,’ is based on the idea that a secret group of ‘patriots behind Donald Trump were working to pull off an intelligence operation to inform the public that Trump and team were poised to take down an evil cabal that ran the world. This subject was everywhere. Mainstream media covered it constantly, using it to show how everyone who believed in it were unhinged, crazy, conspiracy theorists who likely had sociopathic tendencies. It made its way into politics and was brought up in countless mainstream discussions leading into the 2020 US election. It became a clear cultural position: “if you believe in Qanon and the subjects related to it, you’re a dangerous and crazy conspiracy theorist.”

Once that was clear and in place, mainstream pundits and other pop culture voices began using “Qanon” to take down anyone who believed in discussing any other controversial subject. Vaccines, COVID, UFOs, Aliens, you name it – if you wanted to ask questions about these topics in a way that was not accepted in the mainstream, you might as well be one of those crazy “Qanon” people.

Then comes the discussion of evidence. For “Q” it was one of those you either believe or you don’t type conspiracies. But with so many of the other topics being systematically linked to Q, like vaccines or UFOs, does it matter if there is actual evidence to support the controversial conversations people are having? It would appear that it doesn’t, because the culture had made any of these subjects synonymous with the more extreme and unfounded views seen within Q enthusiasts.

Did the Q phenomenon become a useful tool for censorship? An opportunity to grab hold of every controversial narrative and say no one can talk about this except for trusted sources, or else look… crazy Qanon people will shoot up Capitol Hill if we don’t stop all of this madness.

Back in the summer of 2020 I wrote an essay called “Conspireality: Time for a Serious Conversation?” Its purpose was to have a discussion about the fact that YES, conspiracy is real, it exists, and your government lies to you, we know this for a fact, but it doesn’t mean that EVERYTHING is a conspiracy. It also goes on to suggest that we have to be more discerning in critical in our thinking and exploration of these topics, as some information is flat out false and it takes away from the legitimate information that can be focused on to create change.

Further, it suggests that if we aren’t careful as a culture, big tech and governments will work to shut down any inquiry into these topics as too many are going about it in an unbalanced way, often with no evidence or fake evidence. It’s my feeling that this approach doesn’t help with meaningful progression and conversation, but actually pulls down all conversation around controversial topics.

So I asked, are people going about this information in that manner actually speeding up the censorship process? After all, much of what they post is indeed false.

Planet Earth seen from Space
Where Are We Really From? The Bizarre Theory Of The Prison Planet. Click here to read the article.

I said, and still say, all of this with first-hand experience. Having had our social media accounts shut down, demonetized, our website removed from Google news, all because we talk about subjects that sound like the ‘crazy Qanon people or flat earthers.’ It doesn’t matter that we go about these subjects in a credible, evidence based manner, we are guilty by association. This inevitably led me to ask: is it possible that powerful social engineers actually spent time focusing deeply on some of these extreme topics purposefully, to set up a call and need to take down that which was obviously false, and bring down all other ‘uncontrollable’ yet truth-filled conversations in the process?

I can’t help but see that these subjects acted as a magnet to suck all sound alike conversations into the abyss of censorship. And even as we watched it all happened, many of my colleagues criticized me for simply bringing forth the question: should we be thinking more critically about which conspiracies are real and which are not, and how we might go about having a more grounded conversation about it all so that mass culture doesn’t cancel ALL conversation?

This article (European Defence Industry Claims It Will Crack Down On UFO & ET Discussion) was originally created for Collective Evolution and is published here under Creative Commons.

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History

What A Leading Psychologist Knows About Demonic Possession

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Demonic Possession
Photo Credit: Mint Press News

Buck RogersGuest Writer

“We are not dealing here with purely material reality, but with the spiritual realm.” – Richard Gallagher

Reported cases of demonic possession are on the rise worldwide. In 2016, ABC News reported a sharp increase in exorcism, while noting that even the Pope himself was called upon to perform exorcism on behalf of the Catholic Church.

Something seems askew with all of this in the age of scientific reductionism, but is there a psychological basis for such a mysterious return to archaic frames of mind?

According to board-certified psychiatrist and professor of clinical psychiatry at New York Medical College Richard Gallagher there is. While most cases of demonic possession can be attributed to hoaxes and trickery, Gallagher has a unique range of experience in working with the real thing.

His journey into this bizarre and unsettling phenomenon began when he was approached by a Catholic priest who sought his advice on the case of a subject of his who was experiencing symptoms of demonic possession. The priest wanted to know if it was merely a mental disorder which was causing such bizarre and frightening behavior in his patient, and so, with an open mind, Gallagher took a closer look. What followed thereafter was an unexpected journey into the world of exorcism on the fringes of human behavior.

“Is it possible to be a sophisticated psychiatrist and believe that evil spirits are, however seldom, assailing humans? Most of my scientific colleagues and friends say no, because of their frequent contact with patients who are deluded about demons, their general scepticism of the supernatural, and their commitment to employ only standard, peer-reviewed treatments that do not potentially mislead (a definite risk) or harm vulnerable patients. But careful observation of the evidence presented to me in my career has led me to believe that certain extremely uncommon cases can be explained no other way.” – Richard Gallagher

Regarding the peculiar case of a high priestess of the Church of Satan, Gallagher describes how he came to believe that not all cases of supposed demonic possession are fraudulent, but that some sort of genuine paranormal activity is actually taking place. This assessment is founded on his 25 years of experience in this area with several hundred consultations.

“I was inclined to scepticism. But my subject’s behavior exceeded what I could explain with my training. She could tell some people their secret weaknesses, such as undue pride. She knew how individuals she’d never known had died, including my mother and her fatal case of ovarian cancer. Six people later vouched to me that, during her exorcisms, they heard her speaking multiple languages, including Latin, completely unfamiliar to her outside of her trances. This was not psychosis; it was what I can only describe as paranormal ability. I concluded that she was possessed.” – Richard Gallagher

He describes the phenomenon here:

“A possessed individual may suddenly, in a type of trance, voice statements of astonishing venom and contempt for religion, while understanding and speaking various foreign languages previously unknown to them. The subject might also exhibit enormous strength or even the extraordinarily rare phenomenon of levitation. (I have not witnessed a levitation myself, but half a dozen people I work with vow that they’ve seen it in the course of their exorcisms.) He or she might demonstrate “hidden knowledge” of all sorts of things — like how a stranger’s loved ones died, what secret sins she has committed, even where people are at a given moment. These are skills that cannot be explained except by special psychic or preternatural ability.” – Richard Gallagher

Thought Parasites
Thought Parasites – Our Ancient Mirrors. Click here to read the article.

In short, after decades of direct experience while considering both the scientific approach and being open to a greater possibility, Gallagher believes that demonic possession is very real. And while this viewpoint is certainly likely to earn ridicule and stoke the sceptics, we do know that there is much more to the human spiritual experience than can be explained by science.

About the Author

Buck Rogers is the earth-bound incarnation of that familiar part of our timeless cosmic selves, the rebel within. He is a surfer of ideals and meditates often on the promise of happiness in a world battered by the angry seas of human thoughtlessness.

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