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Researchers Estimate There Are 36 Advanced Alien Civilizations In The Milky Way Galaxy

It’s incredible to ponder the notion of there being over 30 advanced civilizations in our galaxy.



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(TMU) – Few mysteries rile the imagination like the search for extraterrestrial intelligence. SETI and other groups have spent decades scanning the skies for signals from other worlds and have yet to confirm the existence of ET. While the majority of astrophysicists and astronomers believe there are almost certainly other advanced life forms out there somewhere, the science behind xenology – the study of extraterrestrial life – has been greatly limited by technological constraints.

A new study published in The Astrophysical Journal, however, argues that a reasonable estimate can be deduced by using Earth-like planets as a variable in a mathematical equation. The research concludes that there are likely 36 active ET civilizations in the Milky Way galaxy alone.

Astrophysics professor Christopher Conselice, who was chief researcher for the study, says: “There should be at least a few dozen active civilizations in our Galaxy under the assumption that it takes 5 billion years for intelligent life to form on other planets, as on Earth.”

First author Tom Westby explains further: “The classic method for estimating the number of intelligent civilizations relies on making guesses of values relating to life, whereby opinions about such matters vary quite substantially. Our new study simplifies these assumptions using new data, giving us a solid estimate of the number of civilizations in our Galaxy.”

Conselice adds,The idea is looking at evolution, but on a cosmic scale. We call this calculation the Astrobiological Copernican Limit.”

The classic method Westby refers to is the Drake Equation, which was a 1960s-era probabilistic argument for how to calculate the number of alien species out there.

However, despite the initial optimism, in recent decades the confounding silence from the cosmos has led some to question whether we’re alone. The Fermi Paradox uses its own probabilistic argument to question why, if life is so common in the universe, we haven’t received any messages or seen a single artifact or probe.

Explanations for the Fermi Paradox abound: 1) Alien signals are out there but we can’t decode them 2) Aliens more advanced than us have transcended physical space 3) Alien civilizations die off fairly quickly after gaining intelligence 4) Aliens have quarantined us in a kind of cosmic zoo so that they can study our development.

One of the most logical explanations – that the distance and time that must be overcome to convey a message or spaceship across the incredible gulfs of interstellar space – is touched upon by the new study. The researchers write that the average distance between civilizations is 17,000 light-years.

For context on how massive this distance really is, consider that the nearest star to Earth, Alpha Centauri, is only 4.3 light-years away. With our current fastest speeds, it would take a human probe 78,000 years to reach this star system.

The researchers also say it is exceedingly possible that these civilizations went extinct thousands of years ago.

While visiting even a nearby alien star is out of our reach for the foreseeable future, new technologies in the coming years may allow us to confirm the existence of an alien civilization.

For example, the James Webb Space Telescope, which is scheduled for deployment in the coming year or so, is so powerful it will be able to study the atmospheres of exoplanets and look for “biosignatures.” In other words, we will be able to determine if an advanced species there is using industrial technology that alters the composition of the atmosphere.

The new study also considers how the search for ET reflects on the evolution of our own species:

“Our new research suggests that searches for extraterrestrial intelligent civilizations not only reveals the existence of how life forms, but also gives us clues for how long our own civilization will last. If we find that intelligent life is common then this would reveal that our civilization could exist for much longer than a few hundred years, alternatively if we find that there are no active civilizations in our Galaxy it is a bad sign for our own long-term existence. By searching for extraterrestrial intelligent life — even if we find nothing — we are discovering our own future and fate.”

It’s incredible to ponder the notion of there being over 30 advanced civilizations in our galaxy. Then, when you consider that the Milky Way is just one out of hundreds of billions of galaxies in the observable universe, human comprehension begins to fail.

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Flying Saucers And Giant Aliens Described In A Possible Declassified FBI File



Flying Saucers and Giant Aliens Described In A Possible Declassified FBI File
Photo Credit: Pexels

Paul SeaburnGuest Writer

Giant human-like aliens!”Flying saucers.Multidimensional beings!” When the rest of the news is bad (we’re talking about 2020 here), nothing pulls the public’s attention away from disasters, disease and doom like UFOs and aliens. That ‘could’ explain why a few media sites have pulled out the big headlines and exclamation points to reveal the possible disclosure of a decades-old FBI document about an alleged UFO and alien encounter in 1947. Roswell? There’s little indication this is the same incident. The story of what they’re referring to as Memorandum 6751 appeared this week in AlienstarThe Daily Star and Sputnik News. Yes, we know they’re not the most reliable sources, but the FBI file itself at least looks real. Let’s see what else we can find.

“These FBI files were recently leaked and in them, you can clearly see the fact that not only did they already confirm the existence of aliens out there but that they also have captured proof of these multidimensional beings that have attempted to visit our planet on multiple occasions so far.”

“The text that dates back to 1947 is especially important as it mentions the term “flying saucers” on multiple occasions. You can see the official FBI Vault yourself right here and see the fact that they’ve been lying to us all along.”

The name Memorandum 6751 comes from the number stamped on top of the memorandum. It appears to be 67 pages long, but only a blurred photocopy of the first page is shown in the story – not a good sign – and the Vault, the FBI repository of declassified files, doesn’t seem to have it under a variety of search criteria. Sputnik News claims it’s “dubbed Memorandum 6751 by UFOlogists” but a search on that term doesn’t bring anything up except these stories… and one more which we’ll discuss later.

Part of the disks carry crews, others are under remote control. 

  • Their mission is peaceful. The visitors contemplate settling on this plane. 
  • These visitors are human-like, but much larger in size. 
  • They are NOT excarnate earth people but come from their own world. 
  • They do NOT come from any “planet” as we use the word, but from an otherio planet which interpenetrates with our own and is not perceptible to us.
  • The bodies of the visitors and of the craft also, automatically materialize on entering the vibratory rate of our . . . matter. 
  • The disks possess a type of radiant energy, or a ray, which will easily disintegrate any attacking ship. They re-enter the otherio at will, and so simply disappear from our vision, without trace. 
  • The region from which they come is NOT the ‘astral plane’, but corros – ponds to the Lokas or Talas. Students of osoterio matter will understand these terms. 
  • They probably cannot be reached by radio but probably can be by radar, if a signal system can be devised for that.”

These are the bullet points listed on the alleged memorandum dated July 8, 1947 – the same day as the first press release about recovering a crashed “flying disc” on a ranch near Roswell. Coincidence? The writer is anonymous, but says he or she possesses several university degrees and was ”formerly a university department head.” The memorandum was written to the FBI and is NOT an FBI investigative report. Unlike the early Roswell reports, this memorandum refers to “living” beings “much larger in size” than humans who are visiting rather than crashing and occupy another dimension from us rather than another planet. It also does not say how the unnamed writer obtained all of this information. Alienstar says the documents were released “recently” but the video it links to shows them in 2018. Unfortunately, the other 66 pages or so are not published or linked to in the article.

However, the site Film Daily has another interesting, albeit also undocumented, revelation.

“A decade ago, a seventy page document was declassified by the FBI and put into their online database called The Vault. (How very cinematic of them.) This document is now frequently referred to as Memorandum 6751 & makes claims of inter-dimensional beings and flying saucers.”

Film Daily says Memorandum 6751 was declassified in 2010 and that’s when it allegedly appeared on The Vault. It also says it’s “frequently referred to” yet references to it seem to be non-existent. Heck, there’s not even a reference on Wikipedia!

Interesting? Definitely. A nice distraction from the bad news of 2020? Definitely. Real? Wow. This story has more red flags and holes than a minefield under inspection by a bomb-sniffing dog with a cold and more outrageous claims than a political campaign flyer. It would be nice to write the whole thing off as a hoax, like the FBI’s infamous Hottel memo (which you CAN find on Wikipedia), but 2020 is also the year of UFO disclosure. Perhaps Tom DeLonge and his group could look into it. After all, Memorandum 6751 does say:

“Flying saucers.”

Recommended Articles by Paul Seaburn
About the Author

Paul Seaburn is the editor at Mysterious Universe and its most prolific writer. He’s written for TV shows such as “The Tonight Show”, “Politically Incorrect” and an award-winning children’s program. He’s been published in “The New York Times” and “Huffington Post” and has co-authored numerous collections of trivia, puzzles and humour. His “What in the World!” podcast is a fun look at the latest weird and paranormal news, strange sports stories and odd trivia. Paul likes to add a bit of humour to each MU post he crafts. After all, the mysterious doesn’t always have to be serious.

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Back To Possible Alien Spaceship For ‘Oumuamua’



Photo Credit: NASA

Paul SeaburnGuest Writer

It was a strange interstellar comet, it was a stranger spaceship, it was an interstellar asteroid, it was something else, and the latest — it’s a frozen hydrogen-sicle. And now, the cigar-shaped unknown space object from another solar system is back to being a spaceship … or at least a piece of alien technology. That’s the latest from two leading astrophysicists who have been watching and commenting on ‘Oumuamua ever since it showed up unannounced in 2017 and has been inspiring debates, exploration suggestions and occasional concern ever since.

“The first interstellar object observed in our solar system, 1I/2017 U1 (‘Oumuamua), exhibited a number of peculiar properties, including extreme elongation and acceleration excess. Recently, Seligman & Laughlin proposed that the object was made out of molecular hydrogen (H2) ice. The question is whether H2 objects could survive their travel from the birth sites to the solar system.”

Like this, only hyrdrogen?

Avi Loeb, a Harvard astrophysicist, and Thiem Hoang, an astrophysicist at the Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute, sprang into action as soon as astrophysicists Darryl Seligman, University of Chicago, and Greg Laughlin, Yale University, released their research paper in May 2020 proposing that ‘Oumuamua was formed in a giant molecular cloud (GMC) and is composed of molecular hydrogen ice – a giant cigar-shaped interstellar hydrogen iceberg. Seligman and Laughlin tied their theory to the idea that outgassing or evaporating hydrogen ice wouldn’t be visible from Earth — explaining the mystery of how ‘Oumuamua could be a comet if it didn’t have a tail, especially when it accelerated out of the solar system.

“Assuming that H2 objects could somehow form in the densest regions of GMCs, we found that sublimation by collisional heating inside the GMC would destroy the objects before their escape into the ISM [interstellar medium]. We also studied various destruction mechanisms of H2 ice in the ISM. In particular, we found that H2 objects are heated by the average interstellar radiation, so that they cannot survive beyond a sublimation time of tsub ~ 10 Myr for R = 300 m (see Figure 1). Only H2 objects larger than 5 km could survive.”

Not so fast!” said Loeb and Hoang. In their response, published in The Astrophysical Journal Letters, they point out that the closest GMC is too far away for a hydrogen iceberg to survive the trip (due to the heat generated by cosmic collisions) and would probably not even survive an exit from a GNC. Loeb admits that, while this knocks ‘hydrogen iceberg’ off the “What’ is ‘Oumuamua?” list, we still don’t know for certain what it is. Fortunately, the Vera C. Rubin Observatory (VRO) is scheduled to become operational next year and he believes it will detect “one ‘Oumuamua-like object per month.” If they can’t figure out what it is with that kind of data, they need to turn in their astrophysicist club membership cards.

‘Oumuamua as alien technology disguised in a crust of space debris – proposed by Loeb in 2019 – was never disproved, just pushed down on the list of possibilities. With hydrogen iceberg joining the “Nope” list, it can move up again until the VRO collects more data or a human spaceship launched in time to catch ‘Oumuamua before it leaves the solar system.

Place your bets on your favourite now.

Recommended Articles by Paul Seaburn
About the Author

Paul Seaburn is the editor at Mysterious Universe and its most prolific writer. He’s written for TV shows such as “The Tonight Show”, “Politically Incorrect” and an award-winning children’s program. He’s been published in “The New York Times” and “Huffington Post” and has co-authored numerous collections of trivia, puzzles and humour. His “What in the World!” podcast is a fun look at the latest weird and paranormal news, strange sports stories and odd trivia. Paul likes to add a bit of humour to each MU post he crafts. After all, the mysterious doesn’t always have to be serious.

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The Mysterious Indian Manuscript Of Ancient Flying Machines



Photo Credit: Ancient Code

Brent SwancerGuest Writer

Throughout history there have been various mysterious texts, scrolls, and manuscripts claiming to have secret or even forbidden knowledge that lies beyond our ability to comprehend it. These manuscripts come creeping up upon us through the mists of time, wreathed in mysteries that we may never understand, and they have served to propel the imagination since time unremembered. One such text must surely be an ancient Indian manuscript, which purportedly holds the secrets to amazing, fantastical flying machines well before their time,  and the veracity of which has been debated right up into the present.

In 1952, a G.R. Josyer, founder of the “International Academy of Sanskrit Research,” came forward to unveil a previously unknown text at an event exhibition of rare Sanskrit manuscripts. The text was called the Vaimānika Śāstra, meaning “The Science of Aeronautics,” supposedly dictated between the years of 1918 to 1923 to a  G. Venkatachala Sharma by the mystic Pandit Subbaraya Shastry, who said the information had come to him in flashes and dreams, and considered himself the earthly conduit of the information from the real author, the ancient sage Maharshi Bharadwaja, itself claimed to be thousands of years old and put out there freely for “the benefit of all of mankind.” The mysterious text itself was devoted to the vimānas, which were the fantastical flying chariots, thrones, carts, palaces, and other vehicles of the gods mentioned in ancient Sanskrit epics, but which according to this manuscript were actually advanced flying machines far predating any known airplanes. A news publication would say of the unveiling of this mysterious manuscript:

Mr. G. R. Josyer, Director of the International Academy of Sanskrit Research in Mysore, in the course of an interview recently, showed some very ancient manuscripts which the Academy had collected. He claimed that the manuscripts were several thousands of years old, compiled by ancient rishis, Bharadwaja, Narada and others, dealing, not with the mysticism of ancient Hindu philosophy of Atman or Brahman, but with more mundane things vital for the existence of man and progress of nations both in times of peace and war. One manuscript dealt with Aeronautics, construction of various types of aircraft for civil aviation and for warfare. Mr. Josyer showed some types of designs and drawing of a helicopter-type cargo-loading plane, specially meant for carrying combustibles and ammunition, passenger aircraft carrying 400 to 500 persons, double and treble-decked aircraft. Each of these types had been fully described.

The text styles itself as sort of a treatise on ancient Indian flying machines, giving exhaustive descriptions, diagrams, and illustrations of aerodynamics, propulsive devices, materials, and metallurgy, as well as the definition of an airplane, what a pilot is and their duties, aerial routes, food, clothing, metals, metal production, mirrors and their uses in wars, varieties of machinery, and others. The text goes into great depth on a variety of different flying vehicles. For instance, there is the Shakuna Vimana, which is shaped like a bird, measures 80 by 56 feet in dimension, and is crafted from a super-light, advanced alloy called raja loha. There is the Sundara Vimana, a giant cylindrical cone that utilizes steam and vaporized oil for energy production and is equipped with five gas engines, electrical tube wheels, and lifting fans. The Rukma Vimana is a massive, 5-tiered construct that has a 100 or 1000-foot base dimension, a 20-foot height, and an 80-foot cone height and operates on solar power. Another is the Tripura Vimana, which can move in air, on land, or through water, and which is fashioned of a fire-resistant alloy.

Every single one of these outlandish contraptions is explained in great technical detail, with elaborate illustrations of their inner workings and designs, meticulous recipes for their fuels and alloys, and it all really boggles the mind that any of this could come from thousands of years ago, as claimed. Yet the Vaimānika Śāstra became very popular immediately upon release, being translated into Hindi in 1959 and then English in 1973. Of course, considering that this information and the bizarre designs were claimed to be thousands of years old, its public reveal immediately drew the attention of UFOlogists and ancient astronaut theorists, who studied the Vaimānika Śāstra with great interest and fascination. However, the work has also drawn its share of criticism. One of the main problems with all of this is that, although the information is claimed to be from mystic ancient sources and a great sage, it was more or less released in modern times by the self-professed medium Pandit Subbaraya Shastry, who then left it to his son, Shri Venkatrama Shastry, after which it found its way into the collection of Josyer. However, Shastry has been claimed to have been a humble, honest man who never intended for his work to get out into the public eye, and he never took personal credit for any of it. It doesn’t seem as if it was an intentional hoax perpetrated by Shastry, although it might have been by his son. However, this is probably the least of the worries the veracity of this text has.

Some of the designs

Even more damning are the findings made by scientists who actually went and checked out the viability of the designs contained within the text. For instance, researchers from the Indian Institute of Science in Bangalore checked it out in 1974, and it did not take them very long at all to come to the conclusion that, in reality, most of the designs in the Vaimānika Śāstra simply would never actually be able to practically fly. The team found that not only are the aeronautics and geometries of the craft all wrong, but that the proposed methods of propulsion are also not viable. They even went as far as to say that the designs offended the laws of physics, that the author of the manuscript had a poor understanding of aeronautics, and stated, “If the craft is taken to mean what the drawing and the text say, it can be stated that the craft is a decided impossibility.” The study would not mince words at all when it says;

Any reader by now would have concluded the obvious – that the planes described above are the best poor concoctions, rather than expressions of something real. None of the planes has properties or capabilities of being flown; the geometries are unimaginably horrendous from the point of view of flying; and the principles of propulsion make them resist rather than assist flying. The text and the drawings do not correlate with each other even thematically. The drawings definitely point to a knowledge of modern machinery. This can be explained on the basis of the fact that Shri Ellappa who made the drawings was in a local engineering college and was thus familiar with names and details of some machinery. Of course the text retains a structure in language and content from which its ‘recent nature’ cannot be asserted. We must hasten to point out that this does not imply an oriental nature of the text at all. All that may be said is that thematically the drawings ought to be ruled out of discussion. And the text, as it stands, is incomplete and ambiguous by itself and incorrect at many places.

Ouch. There was also the researcher J. B. Hare of the Internet Sacred Text Archive, who also is blunt and harsh when he says of the origin of the manuscript and its contents:

You just have to buy into the assumption that ‘channelling’ works. … there is no exposition of the theory of aviation (let alone antigravity). In plain terms, the VS. never directly explains how Vimanas get up in the air. The text is top-heavy with long lists of often bizarre ingredients used to construct various subsystems. … There is nothing here which Jules Verne couldn’t have dreamed up, no mention of exotic elements or advanced construction techniques. The 1923 technical illustration based on the text … are absurdly un-aerodynamic. They look like brutalist wedding cakes, with minarets, huge ornithopter wings and dinky propellers. In other words, they look like typical early 20th century fantasy flying machines with an Indian twist.

The proponents for the veracity of the texts will point out that the Vaimānika Śāstra is incomplete, and that these missing parts might fill in the blanks, as well as that these would be highly advanced machines beyond our understanding. We are left with these supposed ancient texts, given to us by a seer and medium, unleashed upon the world to try and explain these mysterious machines of the gods but coming up lacking by modern scientific standards. Whatever one makes of them, they add to the rich history of texts purporting to have secret ancient knowledge, which will always have a particular allure and effect on the imagination, whether they are real or not.

Recommended Articles by Brent Swancer
About the Author

Is an author and crypto expert living in Japan. Biology, nature, and cryptozoology still remain Brent Swancer’s first intellectual loves. He’s written articles for MU and Daily Grail and has been a guest on Coast to Coast AM and Binnal of America.

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Trump Says He’s Heard ‘Interesting’ Things About Aliens, Will ‘Think About’ Declassifying Info

President Donald Trump has claimed that he’s heard some “interesting” things about aliens as well as the secretive Area 51 base in Roswell, New Mexico.



Photo Credit: Mint Press News

(TMU) – President Donald Trump has claimed that he’s heard some “interesting” things about aliens as well as the secretive Area 51 base in Roswell, New Mexico, that some theorists claim is a UFO crash site.

The president was been extremely vague about details – and even withheld the information from his eldest child, Don Trump Jr.

The comments were made Thursday during a Father’s Day-themed interview with Don Jr. that was held for the president’s re-election campaign, reports NBC News.

Don Jr., who is apparently just as interested as the rest of us in what transpired at Area 51 during the alleged UFO crash in 1947, wound down the interview by asking his father, “Before you leave office, will you let us know if there are aliens?”

“Because this is the only thing I really want to know. Would you ever open up Roswell and let us know what’s really going on?”

However, Trump responded in a guarded way, protecting the seemingly classified information.

“So many people ask me that question,” Trump said. “There are millions and millions of people who want to go there [Roswell] and see it.”

I won’t talk to you about what I know about it, but it’s very interesting,” he continued. “Roswell is a very interesting place – there’s a lot of people who would like to know what’s going on.”

Don Jr. then responded by asking if his father would consider eventually declassifying the information, to which the president responded: “Well, I’ll have to think about that one.”

President Donald Trump on Roswell and UFOs – June 18, 2020

Area 51 was created amid the Cold War rivalry with the Soviet Union as a top-secret research and development site for aircraft such as the U-2 spy plane and other then-cutting-edge platforms.

Conspiracy theorists and ufologists have claimed that an alien spacecraft crash-landed just outside Roswell, New Mexico, in 1947, after a rancher found mysterious debris in a pasture used by his sheep. Officials of the U.S. Air Force responded at the time that only a weather balloon had crashed – a claim that hardly convinced UFO enthusiasts, even after the Pentagon admitted that the debris was related to a top-secret atomic warfare project.

Since then, some claim that the base houses everything from alien spacecraft to extraterrestrial pilots’ corpses and other technology – speculation that has been fed by popular culture and the fact that the U.S. government didn’t actually confirm the base’s existence until 2013.

Last June, Trump said that he was briefed on UFOs but revealed that he was quite sceptical about their existence, saying: “People are saying they’re seeing UFOs. Do I believe it? Not particularly.”

Trump says he doesn’t particularly believe in UFOs

Last September, however, the U.S. Navy admitted that widely-circulated video footage captured by Navy pilots that purportedly showed UFOs flying through the skies did depict actual “unknown” objects that flew into U.S. airspace.

While officials admitted that they have been baffled by the unknown flying objects, they also admit that past encounters with them have been frequent. They also said that rather than calling them “UFOs,” they prefer the term “unidentified aerial phenomena” or UAPs.

The videos were eventually declassified in April, to which Trump responded: “I just wonder if it’s real. That’s a hell of a video.”

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