History, Mystery

Ancient City of Uruk Had Advanced Technologies, Believed To Be The Cradle of Human Civilization

Uruk was the first great city mankind ever built. The foundations were laid as much as 7,000 years ago, and many of the innovations of this city survive to this day. How did the ancient Sumerians manage this feat, and what were the gifts Uruk left to mankind?

By Larry | Guest Writer  

Intriguing data related to giants, weird beasts and mysterious flying ships were depicted on the cuneiform tablets found at Nineveh. Uruk continues to contain several human mysteries, astonishing conventional archaeology every time a new excavation is conducted, with stories hidden from humans for several years.

Once a city that highly developed south of the river valley, on the banks of the Euphrates, with the civilization spanning over Mesopotamia to be the world’s first and most important city, also the cradle of legendary rulers like Gilgamesh, a god far from what we identify as “human”, much more similar to a mythical creature. But first, let’s discuss the origins of the most mysterious city.

Uruk’s Origins % Discovery

Source: Wikimedia Commons

Initially found in 1849 by William Loftus though the most famous archaeologists at that time failed to reach the site until the next century. Between 1912 and 1913, Julius Jordan, together with the East German Society, found the Ishtar temple and was completely surprised because of its adobe mosaics and bricks.

But the most stunning thing to Jordan was the remnants of the prehistoric wall extending throughout the whole city for more than 3 millennia BC. Later researches indicated that the wall was up to 15 m in height and 9 km in length, and was constructed by King Gilgamesh.

Some tablets written in Sumerian language, dating back to around 3,300 BC, that illustrates Uruk as the 1st city that used writing as a typical means of daily communication, were discovered by Heinrich Lenzen in the 1950s.

Quite contrary to the common beliefs at the time, all of the findings illustrated that Uruk had become not only the first urban human settlement, but also the nucleus of society with a thriving economic power superior to all other civilizations. Additionally, it stood out in the succession of temples crowned in ziggurats and palaces, at least 80,000 inhabitants, making it the initial city on Earth.

Why Did It Stand Out So Much Above the Others?

Source: Wikimedia Commons

Uruk has experienced several stages throughout the history. Initially founded as a Neolithic settlement around 5,000 BC, it has been a powerful metropolis, significantly advanced and considerably influential between 4,000 and 3,000 BC, until it collapsed after 700 AD. Even though, its impact was so powerful that the name has been influential for a period of time.

This made Uruk the most influential metropolis of human societies. However, scientists haven’t yet figured out how the city managed to become the epicentre of society and had such great dominance. The economic power has been widely known, together with the perfect location, in the valley of the two rivers, allowed an enormous yield of food to be harvested.

This might have drawn more and more inhabitants to join the urban planning, trading with adjacent regions as they don’t need to fight for their livings anymore. The residents are granted chances to devote to other tasks and activities. Meanwhile, theorists also attributed this to the “divine” influence of Gilgamesh, which did not belong to this world of mortals.

The Incredible & Inexplicable Stories of the Gods

The origin of this advanced city was Enmerkar, a being that has been in the eye of the storm for a long time for several reasons. Zecharias Sitchin, one of the greatest scholars of antiquity, even mentions the dispute between Enmerkar and the Lord of Aratta.

The modern metropolis originated from Enmerkar, a being in the eye of the storm for a while for several reasons. Zecharias Sitchin, one of the most exceptional scholars of antiquity, did refer to the dispute between Enmerkar and the Lord of Aratta, a dispute that ended with a great storm triggering a terrible drought throughout Aratta, which Enmerkar opted to take advantage of to conquer the land for his kingdom.

According to recorded documents, the Lord of Aratta statted: “Inanna, the queen of the lands, has not abandoned her home in Aratta; do not hand Aratta over to Erek.” Inanna was a Goddess who travelled in her “spaceship”, and can be observed in representations as if she were piloting some kind of ship.

Gigalmesh, Humanity’s First Epic

Source: Wikimedia Commons

“Gilgamesh was a major hero in ancient Mesopotamian mythology and the protagonist of the Epic of Gilgamesh, an epic poem written in Akkadian during the late 2nd millennium BC. He was the historical king of the Sumerian city-state of Uruk.”

Intriguing data related to giants, weird beasts and mysterious flying ships were depicted on the cuneiform tablets found at Nineveh. Among those, the most stunning story is from Gilgamesh, often believed to be human’s first epic, even predating the Old Testament, which clearly imitated its story of creation and changed the name of Gilgamesh to Noah.

Gilgamesh was a being who governed Uruk tyrannically 5,000 years ago, depicted through historical documents as if he truly existed, with a mysterious origin. However, the full story failed to survive over time, but a history of struggle, life and death can be interpreted in the rest of the tablets. Gilgamesh was regarded as “the man (entity or being) for whom all things were known (unlimited knowledge)” by the Sumerians, who said it was a hybrid between gods “who came from heaven” and humans.

In addition, they mention that it had no defects; when the gods created it, two-thirds of God and one-third of humans did. Creating a perfect being. As we have seen, many passages from “our history”, told by archaeology and orthodox and traditional history, hide many details about our origins. Uruk is a clear example of this, along with his stories about gods that make us wonder if there really was no “influence” beyond what we know.

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