Connect with us

Esoteric/Occult

5 Ancient Egyptian Symbols You Should Know About

Published

on

Photo Credit: Ancient Code

The Land of the Pharaohs as I like to call Egypt is filled with incredible tales. Spanning back thousands of years, the Ancient Egyptian civilization left its mark in the history books forever.

Erecting some of the most amazing monuments on the planet, the ancient Egyptians were experts in a number of things ranging from astronomy, medicine, to engineering and writing.

Ancient Egypt’s culture is replete with mythology, and much of their history is a mixture between actually verifiable accounts, and those tucked away in myths, through which the ancient Egyptians tried explaining events that occurred and that were difficult to explain: The reasons for death, diseases, harvests, etc.

Everything we see is related in one way or another to incredible stories, mythologies, and beliefs which is precisely why the ancient Egyptians created countless of symbols through which everything was explained.

In this article, I invite you to travel through time with me, as we explore some of the most important ancient Symbols used by the Egyptian civilization thousands of years ago.

The Ankh
The Ankh
The ankh is an ancient Egyptian hieroglyphic symbol that was most commonly used in writing and in art to representthe word for “life” and, by extension, as a symbol of life itself. Image source: egyptianmarketplace.com

The Ankh is one of the most recognizable symbols from ancient Egypt, known as “the key of life” or the “cross of life“, and dating from the Early Dynastic Period (c. 3150 – 2613 BCE). It is a cross with a loop at the top sometimes ornamented with symbols or decorative flourishes but most often simply a plain gold cross. The symbol is an Egyptian hieroglyph for “life” or “breath of life” (`nh = ankh) and, as the Egyptians believed that one’s earthly journey was only part of an eternal life, the ankh symbolizes both mortal existence and the afterlife. It is one of the most ancient symbols of Egypt, often seen with the djed and was symbols, carried by a multitude of the Egyptian gods in tomb paintings and inscriptions and worn by Egyptians as an amulet.

The ankh’s association with the afterlife made it an especially potent symbol for the Coptic Christians of Egypt in the 4th century CE who took it as their own. This use of the ankh as a symbol of Christ’s promise of everlasting life through belief in his sacrifice and resurrection is most probably the origin of the Christian use of the cross as a symbol of faith today. The early Christians of Rome and elsewhere used the fertility symbol of the fish as a sign of their faith. They would not have considered using the image of the cross, a well-known form of execution, any more than someone today would choose to wear an amulet of an electric chair. The ankh, already established as a symbol of eternal life, leant itself easily to assimilation into the early Christian faith and continued as that religion‘s symbol.

The Eye Of Horus
The Eye Of Horus
Image source: mythologian.com

The Eye of Horus is one of several ancient Egyptian symbols instantly recognizable as originating from that advanced civilization which has left the world so many wonders of architecture and learning. The hieroglyphic is named for the god, Horus, one of their most powerful and dominant deitie

The Eye of Horus – Origins of the Name

The origin of the Eye of Horus may be found in the myth of Set and Osiris. The ancient Egyptians believed that Osiris was the king of Egypt and that his brother, Set, desired his throne. Through trickery, Set succeeded in murdering his brother and became the new king. Osiris’ wife Isis, however, managed to bring her husband back to life temporarily through magic and became pregnant with Horus.

Horus is an ancient Egyptian God usually depicted as a falcon. Horus’ right eye was connected with the Sun God Ra.

The Sesen-Lots Flower
The Sesen-Lots Flower
An Eye of Horus or Wedjat pendant. Image source: Wikimedia Commons.

Another ancient Egyptian symbol that represents life, creating, rebirth and the sun is the Sesen. This ancient Egyptian symbol is believed to have appeared during the Early Dynastic Period, although it became most popular from the Old Kingdom onwards. The Sesen is symbolized as a lotus flower which we see widespread in ancient Egyptian art.

The Djed
The Djed
A scene on the west wall of the Osiris Hall at Abydos shows the raising of the Djed pillar. Image source: Wikimedia Commons.

The djed is an ancient Egyptian symbol for stability which features prominently in Egyptian art and architecture throughout the country’s history. `Stability’ should be understood to mean not only a firm footing but immutability and permanance.  The symbol is a column with a broad base which narrows as it rises to a capital and is crossed by four parallel lines. The column and the lines are sometimes brightly painted and other times monochrome. The djed first appears in the Predynastic Period in Egypt (c. 6000-3150 BCE) and continues through the Ptolemaic Dynasty (323-30 BCE), the last dynasty to rule Egyptbefore it became a province of the Roman Empire.

The djed is often overlooked in Egyptian art, and especially in architecture, simply because it is so ubiquitous; the djed is featured on pillars, tomb walls, architraves (the main beam which rests on pillars), palace walls, sheets of painted papyrus, and especially sarcophagi. Once one is aware of the djed and its importance to ancient Egyptian culture it is impossible to miss. It is a potent symbol associated with the god Osiris and his return from the dead. The symbol has been interpreted to represent different objects such as the god Osiris’ backbone, the tamarisk tree which enclosed the god, four pillars rising one behind another, and a fertility pole raised at festivals. `Stability’, however, seems to have been its prime meaning and the one which the ancient Egyptians attached the greatest importance to.

The Scarab
Scarab with Separate Wings, ca. 712-342 B.C.E., 49.28a-c, Brooklyn Museum. Image source: Wikimedia Commons.

The Scarab was an extremely important ancient Egyptian symbol represented in the form of the dung beetle.

The symbol was associated with the divine manifestation of the morning sun Khepri, who was believed to roll the disk of the morning sun over the eastern horizon at daybreak.

The symbol of the Scarab was extremely popular in amulets and impression seals in the ancient Egyptian culture.

If you enjoyed reading this article and want to see more like this one, we’d be humbled if you would help us spread the word and share it with your friends and family. Join us in our quest to promote free, useful information to all!

Reference used on this article: Britannica

Continue Reading

Esoteric/Occult

28,000-Year-Old Woolly Mammoth Cells Brought Back To Life By Scientists

Cells from a woolly mammoth that died around 28,000 years ago have begun showing “signs of life” during a ground-breaking scientific experiment.

Published

on

28,000-Year-Old Woolly Mammoth Cells Brought Back To Life By Scientists
Photo Credit: www.mprnews.org

The young woolly mammoth was dug out of Siberian permafrost in 2011. With the species being extinct for about 4,000 years, finding such a relatively intact specimen was big news – particularly since this one was 28,000 years old.

Scientists have since been eager to find out how viable the biological materials of the uncovered mammoth still are, all those millennia later. Now researchers at Kindai University in Japan have found that its DNA is partially intact – and apparently they are well in the game to restore this huge prehistoric mammal back among the living.

If they succeed, it could look something like this (at first).

Model depicting mammoth calf, Stuttgart. Image credit: Apotea

Anyway, it all comes down to the fact that the scientists at the university have managed to extract nuclei from the mammoth’s cells and transplant them into mouse oocytes – cells found in ovaries that are capable of forming an egg cell after genetic division.

After that, the cells from the 28,000-year-old specimen started to show “signs of biological activities.”

A time-lapse of mouse oocyte cells injected with mammoth nuclei. Kindai University/Scientific Reports
A time-lapse of mouse oocyte cells injected with mammoth nuclei. Kindai University/Scientific Reports

“This suggests that, despite the years that have passed, cell activity can still happen and parts of it can be recreated,” said study author Kei Miyamoto from the Department of Genetic Engineering at Kindai University.

Five of the cells even showed highly unexpected and very promising results, namely signs of activity that usually only occur immediately preceding cell division.

Frozen mammoth calf “Lyuba” – it still had food in its stomach, Royal BC Museum. Image credit: Ruth Hartnup

Establishing whether the mammoth DNA could still function wasn’t an easy task. Researchers began by taking bone marrow and muscle tissue samples from the animal’s leg. These were then analysed for the presence of undamaged nucleus-like structures, which, once found, were extracted.

Once these nuclei cells were combined with mouse oocytes, mouse proteins were added, revealing some of the mammoth cells to be perfectly capable of nuclear reconstitution. This, finally, suggested that even 28,000-year-old mammoth remains could harbour active nuclei.

Meaning, something like, that resurrecting a specimen like this one would be quite possible.

Royal Victoria Museum, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada, 2018
Royal Victoria Museum, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada, 2018

While Miyamoto admits that “we are very far from recreating a mammoth,” plenty of researchers attempting to use gene editing to do so are confident that, that achievement is around the corner. Recent efforts, using the controversial CRISPR gene editing tool, are arguably the most promising, of late.

But do we really need to resurrect a species that went extint a long time ago?

Please SHARE this article with your family and friends.

Continue Reading

Ancient

This Ancient Egyptian Map To The Underworld Is The Oldest Illustrated Book Ever Found

The book contained incantations for the deceased so that she could ward off evil spirits and demons in her journey toward the underworld.

Published

on

This Ancient Egyptian Map To The Underworld Is The Oldest Illustrated Book Ever Found
Photo Credit: Werner Forman/Universal Images Group via Getty Images

Even those who know little of ancient Egypt’s mysteries have heard of the infamous Book of the Dead. And now, researchers have found a similar text that not only predates that one, but may also be the oldest illustrated book ever uncovered.

According to The New York Times, Egyptologists found parts of an illustrated “book” that served as a guide to reach Rostau — the Underworld ruled by Osiris, the Egyptian god of death.

The incredible discovery, published in the Journal of Egyptian Archaeology, happened at the village Dayr al-Barsha (or Deir el-Bersha) where the cliff-side necropolis of the region’s governors who ruled during Egypt’s Middle Kingdom were laid to rest inside elaborately decorated tombs.

In 2012, guided by archaeologist Harco Willems from Belgium’s University of Leuven, a team of researchers investigated one of the five burial shafts located inside the tomb complex of Ahanakht. Twenty feet down inside the burial shaft, the team found the remains of a sarcophagus that appeared to be completely undisturbed despite the previous presence of grave robbers and other archaeologists at the site.

Fragments from a Book of Two Ways discovered on the coffin of a woman named Ankh inside the necropolis of Deir el-Bersha.
Fragments from a Book of Two Ways discovered on the coffin of a woman named Ankh inside the necropolis of Deir el-Bersha.

Judging by the remains and the setup of the sarcophagus, it belonged to an elite woman named Ankh who was related to an elite government official. Her cedar coffin had deteriorated due to being overrun by fungi but upon closer inspection, the crumbling casket revealed something unexpected.

Inside the sarcophagus were remarkable etchings explicitly quoting from the Book Of Two Ways, which is made up of hieroglyphs and illustrations describing Ankh’s wayward journey into the afterlife.

These ‘coffin texts’ tend to situate the deceased in the world of the gods,” Willems said. “Sometimes they are combined with drawings. At Deir el-Bersha, one frequently encounters Books of Two Ways.”

The ancient Egyptians were obsessed with life in all its forms,” explained Rita Lucarelli, an Egyptology curator at the University of California, Berkeley. “Death for them was a new life.”

Now, researchers have yet again uncovered evidence that ancient Egypt’s elaborate death customs sometimes included providing the dead with these “coffin texts” so that they could make their way to the underworld. Remarkably, each person had their own version of the text that was customized based on their status and wealth.

Ankh’s guide texts incorporated incantations to help her ward off the demons she encountered on her journey. The arduous trip to reach Rostau, the markings proclaimed, would be plagued by obstacles of fire, demons, and spirits that she would have to overcome.

This one begins with a text encircled by a red line designated as ‘ring of fire,’” Willems said. “The text is about the sun god passing this protective fiery ring to reach Osiris.”

Judgement scene from the Book Of The Dead, the corpus of Egyptian funerary texts that the Book Of Two Ways predates.
Judgement scene from the Book Of The Dead, the corpus of Egyptian funerary texts that the Book Of Two Ways predates.

Researchers estimated the age of Ankh’s sarcophagus texts based on inscriptions and other relics found nearby that referred to the reign of Pharaoh Mentuhotep II, who ruled until 2010 B.C.E. That means the original manual from which these texts were copied would be at least 4,000 years old, likely making it the world’s oldest illustrated book ever found.

The team furthermore found two dozen extant texts of the Book Of Two Ways maps inside the burial shaft. Most etchings have been difficult to make out but the scientists believe the depictions likely illustrate rituals to bring deceased gods or dead humans back to life, symbolizing rebirth in Egyptian culture.

Perhaps further study will only help unravel more of the mysteries stirred up by this fascinating find.

This article (This Ancient Egyptian Map To The Underworld Is The Oldest Illustrated Book Ever Found) was originally created for All That Interesting and is published here under Creative Commons.

Please SHARE this article with your family and friends.

Continue Reading

Ancient

Eye Of Horus: The True Meaning Of An Ancient, Powerful Symbol

Published

on

Eye of Horus: The True Meaning of an Ancient, Powerful Symbol
Photo Credit: (Jon Bodsworth / Wikimedia)

Ḏḥwty, Ancient Origins

The Eye of Horus is one of the best-known symbols of ancient Egypt. Known also as the Wadjet, this magical symbol is believed to provide protection, health, and rejuvenation. Due to its powerful protective powers, the Eye of Horus was popularly used by the ancient Egyptians, both the living and the dead, as amulets. Even today, the Eye of Horus continues to be used as a symbol of protection.

The Dramatic Origin – A Story of Betrayal and Murder

The origin of the Eye of Horus may be found in the myth of Set and Osiris. The ancient Egyptians believed that Osiris was the king of Egypt and that his brother, Set, desired his throne. Through trickery, Set succeeded in murdering his brother and became the new king. Osiris’ wife Isis, however, managed to bring her husband back to life temporarily through magic and became pregnant with Horus.

A rare sample of Egyptian terra cotta sculpture depicts Isis mourning Osiris. The sculpture portrays a woman raising her right arm over her head, a typical gesture of mourning. (Louvre Museum / Public Domain )
A rare sample of Egyptian terra cotta sculpture depicts Isis mourning Osiris. The sculpture portrays a woman raising her right arm over her head, a typical gesture of mourning. (Louvre Museum / Public Domain )
The Cost of Vengeance and the Gift of Restoration  

Osiris went on to become the god of the Underworld and Isis raised Horus on her own. When Horus reached adulthood, he sought to avenge the death of his father. Horus fought Set in a series of battles, and eventually vanquished his uncle. During these struggles, however, he lost one of his eyes. According to one version of the myth, Set had ripped out Horus’ eye, tore it up into six parts and threw it away. In another version, it was Horus himself who gouged his eye out, as a sacrifice to bring his father back from the dead. In any case, Horus’ lost eye was magically restored by either by Hathor (often regarded to be the consort of Horus), or by Thoth, the god of wisdom.

As Horus’ eye was magically restored, the ancient Egyptians believed that it possessed healing properties. Amulets of this symbol have been made using a variety of materials, including gold, lapis lazuli, and carnelian, and have been used as jewelry by both the living and the dead.

An ancient carving of the Eye of Horus ( Travis / Adobe Stock )
An ancient carving of the Eye of Horus ( Travis / Adobe Stock )
Is the Eye of Horus a Magical Mathematical Symbol?

Interestingly, the Eye of Horus is not merely a magical symbol but is also an example of the mathematical knowledge acquired by the ancient Egyptians. In the myth mentioned before, Set tore Horus’ eye into six parts. As a symbol, the Eye of Horus contains six parts. Each of them was given a fraction as a unit of measurement – the right side of the eye is 1/2, the pupil 1/4, the eyebrow 1/8, the left side of the eye 1/16, the curved tail 1/32, and the teardrop 1/64. These fractions add up to 63/64, and the missing part is said to either represent the magical powers of Thoth or to illustrate that nothing is perfect.

In ancient Egyptian hieroglyphic orthography, isolated parts of the "Eye of Horus" symbol were believed to be used to write various fractions. (BenduKiwi / CC BY-SA 2.5 )
In ancient Egyptian hieroglyphic orthography, isolated parts of the “Eye of Horus” symbol were believed to be used to write various fractions. (BenduKiwi / CC BY-SA 2.5 )
The Distinctive Meanings of the Parts of The Eye of Horus

Each of the six parts of the Eye of Horus corresponds to a different sense. The right side of the eye is associated with the sense of smell, as it is closest to the nose and resembles this organ. Needless to say, the pupil represents the sense of sight, while the eyebrow represents thought, as it can be used to express our thoughts. The left side of the eye represents the sense of hearing, as it points towards the ear, and has the shape of a musical instrument. The curved tail resembles a sprout from a planted stalk of wheat or grain. As a representation of food, this part of the Eye of Horus corresponds to the sense of taste. Finally, the teardrop is supposed to represent the sense of touch, as this part of the Eye represents a stalk being planted into the ground, an act that involves physical contact and touching.

How is The Eye of Horus Used Today?   

Although the ancient Egyptian civilization came to an end, the belief in the potency of the Eye of Horus continued and this symbol is still used by many today. As an example, in Mediterranean countries, fishermen would often paint this symbol on their vessels for protection. Additionally, many people still wear the Eye of Horus as jewellery, to protect themselves from the ill-will of others. Moreover, the Eye of Horus is popular amongst occultists, as well as conspiracy theorists, who view the Eye not only as a protective symbol, but also as one of power, knowledge, and illusion.

Two Eyes of Horus can be seen at the front of this traditional Luzzu boat at Marsaxlokk harbor in Malta ( Anibal Trejo / Adobe Stock ).
Two Eyes of Horus can be seen at the front of this traditional Luzzu boat at Marsaxlokk harbor in Malta ( Anibal Trejo / Adobe Stock ).

This article (Eye Of Horus: The True Meaning Of An Ancient, Powerful Symbol) was originally created for Ancient Origins and is published here under Creative Commons.

Continue Reading

Alternative News

NASA’s Discovery Of Magnetic Portals That “Open & Close” Every Day May Connect To Ancient Esoteric Knowledge

Published

on

NASA’s Discovery Of Magnetic Portals That “Open & Close” Every Day May Connect To Ancient Esoteric Knowledge
Photo Credit: Getty

In 2012, NASA funded the research of Jack Scudder, from the University of Iowa, who studied a phenomenon unlike no other. He found that when the magnetic field of the Earth connected to the magnetic field of the Sun, a portal between time/space was created between them. Time-space is, “what we will experience if we are able to pierce the veil, 3 dimensions of time (past, present, and future) of wherever you are, which is the 1 dimension of space (yourself). To make an example of this imagine an apple. The outside of the apple is the infinite universe which is space/time. The inside of the apple is time/space which is a continuous loop that can be travelled.”- Jeff Delano.

Scudder termed these phenomenon ‘X-points’. After Scudder’s theory was examined by NASA, they flew a robotic spacecraft into one of these magnetic points which revealed that the X-point had the potential to transport objects directly into the Sun’s atmosphere. The distance from the Earth to the Sun is measured as one astronomical unit (AU) or 93 million miles away. This discovery was ground breaking because it questioned our understanding of known physics and opened the door to understanding the relationship between time and space. Even though we may not fully grasp the concept yet, it can serve as a stepping stone to better understand how our universe operates on a scale once thought too intangible.

You can check out NASA’s video on Schudder’s work here.
You can check out NASA’s video on Schudder’s work here.

Observations by NASA’s THEMIS spacecraft and Europe’s Cluster probes suggest that these magnetic portals open and close dozens of times each day. They’re typically located a few tens of thousands of kilometres from Earth where the geomagnetic field meets the onrushing solar wind. Most portals are small and short-lived; others are yawning, vast, and sustained. Tons of energetic particles can flow through the openings, heating Earth’s upper atmosphere, sparking geomagnetic storms, and igniting bright polar auroras. (NASA)

Deeper research into the X-point phenomena has proven to be challenging to study because they are unstable, largely invisible, and their behavior is unpredictable at this point. With this in mind, it has been perceived that ancient sites around the planet could have served, and still act as X points that transcend time and space. Could it have been possible that these X points on the Earth’s surface were used thousands of years ago by ancient civilizations? Let’s dive in.

There are many ancient traditions that describe locations around the world where one can travel from one place in the world to another. Many cultures also refer to an energy grid system that encompasses the Earth. In ancient Chinese text, they are known as dragon lines. In South America, the shaman’s referred to them as spirit lines. The ancient Aboriginals of Australia called them dream lines. Scudder would describe these as X-points but researchers like Freddy Silva would refer to them as star gates.

Sites such as Gobekli Tepe, Machu Picchu, Giza and Stonehenge are tied to the ancient portal hypothesis because they were built on top of what would be reported as an Earth grid system, which is linked to the larger electromagnetic web of the cosmos.

Freddy Silva, a best-selling author, and a leading researcher of ancient civilizations looked into the man who pioneered the term ley lines, Alfred Watkins.  Watkins’ work in ley lines could be indirectly describing what Shrduder would later call X-points. Silva explains the origins of ley line research on his website Invisible Temple. “

Freddy Silva, a best-selling author, and a leading researcher of ancient civilizations looked into the man who pioneered the term ley lines, Alfred Watkins. Watkins’ work in ley lines could be indirectly describing what Shrduder would later call X-points. Silva explains the origins of ley line research on his website Invisible Temple.“

In the 1920s, while photographing landmarks in Herefordshire, Alfred Watkins noticed how ancient sites, churches (built over such sites), sacred mounds, old pilgrim routes and standing stones were aligned in perfectly straight lines. He called them ley lines.

He went on to say, “in essence, Watkins re-discovered old esoteric knowledge which had maintained that temples and oracles all across the Earth were not placed haphazardly but according to certain — and since forgotten — geodetic laws.”

It is this exact reason why researchers believe these sites were established where they lie; to tap into the inter-dimensional highway of the universe. These sites could serve as the catalyst to a new renaissance of enlightenment for humanity that would revolutionize our understanding of the cosmos.

This article (NASA’s Discovery Of Magnetic Portals That “Open & Close” Every Day May Connect To Ancient Esoteric Knowledge) was originally created for Collective Evolution and is published here under Creative Commons.

Continue Reading
Collective 2020
Advertisement

Trending Now

STAY AWARE

Subscribe To Our Newsletter

You have Successfully Subscribed!